Alexandre Cabanel (; 28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) was a French painter. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to ''Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat'', Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter.


Cabanel entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen, and studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of 22. Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and taught there until his death. He was closely connected to the Paris Salon: "He was elected regularly to the Salon jury and his pupils could be counted by the hundred at the Salons. Through them, Cabanel did more than any other artist of his generation to form the character of ''belle époque'' French painting". His refusal together with William-Adolphe Bouguereau to allow the impressionist painter Édouard Manet and many other painters to exhibit their work in the Salon of 1863 led to the establishment of the Salon des Refusés by the French government. Cabanel won the Grande Médaille d'Honneur at the Salons of 1865, 1867, and 1878. A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting ''The Birth of Venus'' is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting. The picture was bought by the emperor Napoleon III; there is also a smaller replica (painted in 1875 for a banker, John Wolf) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. It was given to them by Wolf in 1893.


thumb|Alexandre Cabanel, ca.1865. Photograph by Charles Reutlinger (?). His pupils included: * Rodolfo Amoedo * Joseph Aubert * Henry Bacon * George Randolph Barse * Alexandre Jean-Baptiste Brun * Jean-Eugène Buland * Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant * Vlaho Bukovac * Gaston Bussière * Louis Capdevielle * Eugène Carrière * Eugène Chigot * Jacqueline Comerre-Paton * Fernand Cormon * Pierre Auguste Cot * Kenyon Cox * Édouard Debat-Ponsan * Émile Friant * François Guiguet * Jules Bastien-Lepage * François Flameng * Charles Fouqueray * Frank Fowler * Henri Gervex * Charles Lucien Léandre * Max Leenhardt * Henri Le Sidaner * Aristide Maillol * * João Marques de Oliveira * Jan Monchablon * Georges Moreau de Tours * * Henri Pinta * Henri Regnault * Iakovos Rizos * Louis Royer * Jean-Jacques Scherrer * António Silva Porto * Edward Stott * Joseph-Noël Sylvestre * Solomon Joseph Solomon * Paul Tavernier * José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior * Étienne Terrus * Adolphe Willette

Selected works

* ''Algae and Boniface'' (1857), The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio USA * ''The Death of Moses'' (La Mort de Moïse) (1851), Dahesh Museum, New York City. New York, USA * ''Nymph and Satyr'' (''Nymphe et Satyr'', 1860), Private collection * ''The Birth of Venus'' (1863), Musée d'Orsay, Paris * ''The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta'' (1870), Musée d'Orsay, Paris * ''La Comtesse de Keller'' (1873), Musée d'Orsay, Paris * ''The Fallen Angel'' (1847), Musée Fabre * ''Phèdre'' (1880), Musée Fabre, Montpellier * ''Ophelia'' (1883), Private collection * ''Ruth glanant dans les champs de Booz'', (1886), Musée Garinet, Châlons-en-Champagne * ''Lady Curzon'' (1887), Kedleston Hall, England,''Mary Leiter'' (1887), Derbyshire, England, Kedleston Hall; National Trust for Places of Historic Interest, U. K. * Preparatory study of Cleopatra for ''Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners'', Musée des Beaux-Arts, Béziers * ''Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners'' (1887), Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp * ''Eve After the Fall'', Private Collection * ''The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Paradise'', Private Collection * ''Napoleon III'' (1865), Musée national du château de Compiègne, Écouen, France * ''Thamar''


File:Alexandre Cabanel - Albayde.jpg|''Albaydé'' (1848) File:Inf. 06 Alexandre Cabanel, Morte di Francesca da Rimini e di Paolo Malatesta, 1870.jpg|''The death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta'' (1870) File:Alexandre Cabanel - Pandora - Walters 3799.jpg|''Pandora'' (1873), The Walters Art Museum File:Alexandre Cabanel - Echo.jpg|''Echo'' (1874) File:Alexandre cabanel, thamar, 1875, 01.JPG| ''Thamar'' (1875) File:Alexandre Cabanel - Harmonie.jpg|''Harmonie'' (1877) File:Alexandre Cabanel - The Daughter of Jephthah (1879, Oil on canvas).JPG|''The daughter of Jephthah'' (1879) File:Alexandre Cabanel Phèdre.jpg|''Phaedra'' (1880) File:Alexandre Cabanel, Ophelia.JPG|''Ophelia'' (1883) File:Alexandre Cabanel - Cléopatre essayant des poisons sur des condamnés à mort.jpg|''Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners'' (1887) File:Expulsion of Adam and Eve (Alexandre Cabanel).jpg|''Expulsion of Adam and Eve'' File:Alexandre Cabanel - Portrait_Of_Countess_E_A_Vorontsova_Dashkova.jpg| ''Portrait of Countess E. A Vorontsova Dashkova'' File:Cornelia Lyman Warren.png|Cornelia Lyman Warren File:Fallen Angel (Alexandre Cabanel).jpg|''Fallen Angel'', 1847 File:Alexandre Cabanel - Death of Moses.jpeg|''La Mort de Moïse'', 1850 File:Nymphe_et_Saty_(Alexandre_Cabanel)_1860.JPG|''Nymphe enlevée par un faune'', 1860 File:Alexandre Cabanel 002.jpg|Napoleon III, c. 1865


External links

Alexandre Cabanel at Artcyclopedia

Alexandre Cabanel at the Art Renewal CenterAlexandre Cabanel at The Art in Pixels

Alexandre Cabanel at alexandrecabanel.com
{{DEFAULTSORT:Cabanel, Alexandre Category:1823 births Category:1889 deaths Category:19th-century French painters Category:French male painters Category:French Roman Catholics Category:People from Montpellier Category:French romantic painters Category:French neoclassical painters Category:Prix de Rome for painting Category:Academic art Category:Faculty of the École des Beaux-Arts Category:Members of the Académie des beaux-arts Category:Members of the Royal Academy of Belgium Category:Nude art Category:19th-century male artists