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Brazil
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Seleção (The National Team)
Canarinho (Little Canary)
Verde-Amarela (The Green and Yellow)
Esquadrão de Ouro (The Golden Squad)
AssociationConfederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF)
ConfederationCONMEBOL (South America)
Head coachTite[1]
CaptainThiago Silva[2]
Most capsCafu (142)[3][4]
Top scorerPelé (77)[5]
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA codeBRA
The Brazil national football team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira de Futebol) represents Brazil in men's international football and is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and a member of CONMEBOL since 1916.

Brazil is the most successful national team in the FIFA World Cup, being crowned winner five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil also has the best overall performance in the World Cup, both in proportional and absolute terms, with a record of 73 victories in 109 matches played, 124 goal difference, 237 points, and 18 losses.[12][13] Brazil is the only national team to have played in all World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs.[14]

In relation to ranking standings Brazil fare well, having the highest average football Elo rating since 1970, and the fourth all-time peak football Elo Rating established in 1962. In FIFA's own ranking, Brazil holds the record for most Team of the Year wins with 12.[15] Many commentators, experts and former players have considered the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest football team ever.[16][17][18][19][20] Other Brazilian teams are also highly estimated and regularly appear listed among the best teams of all time, such as the Brazil teams of 1958–62, with honorary mentions for the gifted 1982 side.[21][22][23][24]

Brazil is the only national team to have won the World Cup on four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They share with France and Argentina the feat to have won the three most important men's football titles overseen by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament.[note 1] They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive matches undefeated.[25]

Brazil has many rivals due to its successes, with notable rivalries with Argentina—known as the Superclássico das Américas in Portuguese, Italy—known as the Clásico Mundial in Spanish or the World Derby in English,[26][27] Uruguay due to the traumatic Maracanazo,[28] France (due to the fact that they usually have difficulties against France in World Cups),[29] the Netherlands, due to the several important meetings between the two teams at World Cups, and the style of play of the two teams being considered similar[30] and Portugal due to shared common culture and heritage, and large number of Brazilians play in Portugal.[31][32] Brazil has also produced players considered as the best of the world at their time and among the best in history, such are the cases of Pelé (widely regarded as the greatest footballer of all time), Garrincha, Rivellino, Zico, Romário, Cafu, Roberto Carlos, Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Ronaldinho, Kaká and Neymar. A common quip about football is: "Os ingleses o inventaram, os brasileiros o aperfeiçoaram" (The English invented it, the Brazilians perfected it).[33]

History

Early history (1914–22)

The first Brazil national team, 1914
Brazil's first match at home against Exeter City in 1914

It is generally believed that the inaugural game of the Brazil national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[34][35] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[34][35][36] though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw.[37][38]

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3–0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on 12 July 1916).[39] However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the South American Championships in 1919, repeating their victory, also at home, in 1922.

First World Cup and title drought (1930–49)

In 1930, Brazil played in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.[40] They lost in the first round to Spain in 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938, being defeated 2–1 by eventual winners Italy. Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition.

The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.[41] The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.[41]

The 1950 Maracanazo

FIFA World Cup, being crowned winner five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil also has the best overall performance in the World Cup, both in proportional and absolute terms, with a record of 73 victories in 109 matches played, 124 goal difference, 237 points, and 18 losses.[12][13] Brazil is the only national team to have played in all World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs.[14]

In relation to ranking standings Brazil fare well, having the highest average football Elo rating since 1970, and the fourth all-time peak football Elo Rating established in 1962. In FIFA's own ranking, Brazil holds the record for most Team of the Year wins with 12.[15] Many commentators, experts and former players have considered the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest football team ever.[16][17][18][19][20] Other Brazilian teams are also highly estimated and regularly appear listed among the best teams of all time, such as the Brazil teams of 1958–62, with honorary mentions for the gifted 1982 side.[21][22][23][24]

Brazil is the only national team to have won the World Cup on four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They share with France and Argentina the feat to have won the three most important men's football titles overseen by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament.[note 1] They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive matches undefeated.[25]

Brazil has many rivals due to its successes, with notable rivalries with Argentina—known as the Superclássico das Américas in Portuguese, Italy—known as the Clásico Mundial in Spanish or the World Derby in English,[26][27] Uruguay due to the traumatic Maracanazo,[28] France (due to the fact that they usually have difficulties against France in World Cups),[29] the Netherlands, due to the several important meetings between the two teams at World Cups, and the style of play of the two teams being considered similar[30] and Portugal due to shared common culture and heritage, and large number of Brazilians play in Portugal.[31][32] Brazil has also produced players considered as the best of the world at their time and among the best in history, such are the cases of Pelé (widely regarded as the greatest footballer of all time), Garrincha, Rivellino, Zico, Romário, Cafu, Roberto Carlos, Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Ronaldinho, Kaká and Neymar. A common quip about football is: "Os ingleses o inventaram, os brasileiros o aperfeiçoaram" (The English invented it, the Brazilians perfected it).[33]

It is generally believed that the inaugural game of the Brazil national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[34][35] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[34][35][36] though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw.[37][38]

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3–0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on 12 July 1916).[39] However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the South American Championships in 1919, repeating their victory, also at home, in 1922.

First World Cup and title drought (1930–49)

In 1930, Brazil played in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.[40] They lost in the first round to Spain in 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938, being defeated 2–1 by eventual winners Italy. Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition.

The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.[41] The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.[41]

The 1950 Maracanazo

Brazil national team at the 1950 World Cup. National Archives of Brazil.

After that, Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Uruguay, however, won the match and the Cup in a game known as "the Maracanazo". The match led to a period of national mourning.[42]

For the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Brazil was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed (to a new design by Aldyr Schlee) from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne.[43]

The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–70)

The Brazil national team at the 1959 Copa América

For the 1958 World Cup, Brazil were drawn in a group with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. Before the match, coach Vicente Feola made three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets: Zito, Garrincha and Pelé. From the kick-off, they kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[44] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat Sweden 5–2 in the final, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. Pelé described it tearfully as a nation coming of age.[45]

Defending champions Brazil

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3–0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on 12 July 1916).[39] However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the South American Championships in 1919, repeating their victory, also at home, in 1922.

In 1930, Brazil played in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.[40] They lost in the first round to Spain in 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938, being defeated 2–1 by eventual winners Italy. Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition.

The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.[41] The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.[41] The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.[41]

After that, Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Uruguay, however, won the match and the Cup in a game known as "the Maracanazo". The match led to a period of national mourning.[42]

For the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Brazil was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed (to a new design by Aldyr Schlee) from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne.[43]

The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–70)

1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Brazil was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed (to a new design by Aldyr Schlee) from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne.[43]

For the 1958 World Cup, Brazil were drawn in a group with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. Before the match, coach Vicente Feola made three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets: Zito, Garrincha and Pelé. From the kick-off, they kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[44] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat Sweden 5–2 in the final, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. Pelé described it tearfully as a nation coming of age.[45]

Defending champions Brazil at the 1962 FIFA World Cup

In the 1962 World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament.[46][47]

In the 1966 World Cup, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessively physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected. Against Portugal, several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused Pelé to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. They have not failed to reach the knockout stages of the competition since. Brazil became the second nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown following Italy in 1950. After the 2002, 2010, 2014 and 2018 World Cups, France, Italy, Spain and Germany were also added to this list. As for now, Brazil remains the only non-UEFA team to be eliminated from the group stage after winning previous World Cup edition.1966 World Cup, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessively physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected. Against Portugal, several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused Pelé to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. They have not failed to reach the knockout stages of the competition since. Brazil became the second nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown following Italy in 1950. After the 2002, 2010, 2014 and 2018 World Cups, France, Italy, Spain and Germany were also added to this list. As for now, Brazil remains the only non-UEFA team to be eliminated from the group stage after winning previous World Cup edition.[48] After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again. Nonetheless, he returned in 1970.[49]

Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico in 1970. It fielded what has since then often been considered the best World Cup football squad ever,[16][17][18][21] led by Pelé in his last World Cup finals, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino. Even though Garrincha had retired, this team was still a force to be reckoned with. They won all six of their games—against Czechoslovakia, England and Romania during group play, and against Peru, Uruguay and Italy in the knockout rounds. Jairzinho was the second top scorer with seven goals; Pelé finished with four goals. Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet trophy for the third time (the first nation to do so), which meant that they were allowed to keep it. A replacement was then commissioned, though it would be 24 years before Brazil won it again.[50]

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil was not able to overcome the Netherlands at the 1974 World Cup in West Germany, and finished in fourth place after losing the third place game to Poland.[51]

In the second group stage of the 1978 World Cup, Brazil competed with tournament hosts Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it defeated Peru 6–0, and thus qualified for the final in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. The Brazil qualified for the third place, and were the only team to remain unbeaten in the tournament.

At the 1982 World Cup, held in Spain, Brazil were the tournament favorites, and easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat in Barcelona to Italy, in a classic World Cup match, eliminated them from the

In the second group stage of the 1978 World Cup, Brazil competed with tournament hosts Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it defeated Peru 6–0, and thus qualified for the final in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. The Brazil qualified for the third place, and were the only team to remain unbeaten in the tournament.

At the 1982 World Cup, held in Spain, Brazil were the tournament favorites, and easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat in Barcelona to Italy, in a classic World Cup match, eliminated them from the tournament in the match that they refer to as "Sarriá's Disaster", referencing the stadium's name. The 1982 team, with a midfield of Sócrates, Zico, Falcão and Éder, is remembered as perhaps the greatest team never to win a World Cup.[22]

Several players, including Sócrates and Zico, from 1982 returned to play at the 1986 World Cup in Mexico. Brazil, still a very good team and more disciplined defensively than four years earlier, met the Michel Platini-led France in the quarter-finals in a classic of Total Football. The game played to a 1–1 draw in regulation time, and after a goalless extra time, it all came down to a penalty shoot-out, where Brazil was defeated 4–3. After a 40-year hiatus, Brazil was victorious in the 1989 Copa América, this being their fourth victory in four tournaments hosted in Brazil. This achievement ended Brazil's 19-year streak absent a championship. The last one had been in the 1970 World Cup.

At the 1990 World Cup in Italy, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, that had been the coach in the 1989 Copa América. With a defensive scheme, whose main symbol was midfielder Dunga, forward Careca and three centre-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Brazil was eliminated by Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the round of 16 in Turin, losing to their South American archrivals 1–0.[52]

Brazil went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. Their struggles ended at the 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid side headed by Romário and Bebeto in attack, captain Dunga in midfield, goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel and defender Jorginho, won the World Cup for a then-record fourth time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the United States in the round of 16 at Stanford University, a 3–2 win over the Netherlands in the quarter-finals in Dallas, and a 1–0 victory over Sweden in the semi-finals at Pasadena's Rose Bowl. This set up Brazil–Italy in the final in Pasadena. A game played in searing heat which ended as a goalless draw, with Italy's defence led by Franco Baresi keeping out Romário, penalty kicks loomed, and Brazil became champions with Roberto Baggio missing Italy's last penalty.[53] Despite the triumph, the 1994 World Cup winning team is not held in the same high esteem in Brazil as their other World Cup winning teams. FourFourTwo magazine labelled the 1994 team “unloved” in Brazil due to their pragmatic, defensive style over the more typical Brazilian style of attacking flair.[50]

Entering the 1998 World Cup as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up. Having topped their group and won the next two rounds, Brazil beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw. Player of the tournament Ronaldo scored four goals and made three assists en route to the final. The build up to the final itself was overshadowed by the world's best player Ronaldo suffering a convulsive fit only hours before kick off.[54] The starting line up without Ronaldo was released to a shocked world media, but after pleading that he felt fine and requested to play, Ronaldo was reinstated by the coach, before giving a below par performance as France, led by Zidane won 3–0.[55]

1998 World Cup as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up. Having topped their group and won the next two rounds, Brazil beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw. Player of the tournament Ronaldo scored four goals and made three assists en route to the final. The build up to the final itself was overshadowed by the world's best player Ronaldo suffering a convulsive fit only hours before kick off.[54] The starting line up without Ronaldo was released to a shocked world media, but after pleading that he felt fine and requested to play, Ronaldo was reinstated by the coach, before giving a below par performance as France, led by Zidane won 3–0.[55]

Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan. Brazil beat all three opponents in group play in South Korea and topped the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey, in Ulsan, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting, and became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on diving. In their knockout round matches in Japan, Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0 in Kobe in the round of 16. Brazil defeated England 2–1 in the quarter-finals in Shizuoka, with the winning goal coming from an unexpected free-kick by Ronaldinho from 40 yards out.[56] The semi-final was against Turkey in Saitama; Brazil won 1–0. The final was between Germany and Brazil in Yokohama, where Ronaldo scored two goals in Brazil's 2–0 triumph.[57] Ronaldo also won the Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer with 8 goals.[58] Brazil's success saw them receive the Laureus World Sports Award for Team of the Year.[59]

World Cup drought (2002–present)

2004 Copa América, their third win in four competitions since 1997.[60] Brazil also won the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup for the second time.[61] Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4–2–2–2 formation. Nicknamed the "Magic quartet", the attack was built around four players: Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká and Ronaldinho.[62]

In the 2006 World Cup, Brazil won its first two games against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0). In the final group game against Japan, Brazil won 4–1. Ronaldo scored twice and equalled the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups. In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. Brazil, however, was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0 to a Thierry Henry goal.[62]

Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager in 2006.2006 World Cup, Brazil won its first two games against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0). In the final group game against Japan, Brazil won 4–1. Ronaldo scored twice and equalled the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups. In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. Brazil, however, was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0 to a Thierry Henry goal.[62]

Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager in 2006.[63] Brazil then won the 2007 Copa América, where forward Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot and named the tournament's best player. Two years later, Brazil won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, defeating the U.S. 3–2 in the final, to seal their third Confederations Cup title.[64] Kaká was named as the player of the tournament while striker Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award.[65]

At the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, Brazil won their first two matches against North Korea (2–1) and the Ivory Coast (3–1), respectively. Their last match, against Portugal, ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the round of 16, winning 3–0, although in the quarter-final they fell to the Netherlands 2–1.[66]

In July 2010, Mano Menezes was named as Brazil's new coach.[67] At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil lost against Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarter-finals. On 4 July 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches because the team had automatically qualified for the 2014 World Cup as tournament hosts, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA ranking.

Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–14)

In the opening match of the 2014 World Cup against Croatia, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar saw the Seleção off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home

In the opening match of the 2014 World Cup against Croatia, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar saw the Seleção off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home soil in 64 years.[75] The team then drew with Mexico, before confirming qualification to the knockout stage by defeating Cameroon 4–1 with Neymar again scoring twice, and Fred and Fernandinho providing further goals.[76][77] Brazil faced Chile in the round of 16, taking an 18th-minute lead through David Luiz's first goal for the Seleção in a 1–1 draw. Brazil prevailed 3–2 on penalties, with Neymar, David Luiz and Marcelo converting their kicks, and goalkeeper Júlio César saving three times.[78]

quarter-final, defeating Colombia 2–1 with goals from central defenders David Luiz and the team captain Thiago Silva. Late in the match, Neymar was stretchered off after Juan Camilo Zúñiga's knee had made contact with the forward's back. Neymar was taken to hospital and was diagnosed with a fractured vertebra, ruling him out for the remainder of the tournament.[79] Prior to this, Neymar had scored four goals, provided one assist, and been named man of the match twice. Brazil faced further problems ahead of their semi-final against Germany, as Thiago Silva was to serve a one-match suspension for receiving his second yellow card of the tournament in the quarter-final.[80]

The Seleção went on to lose 1–7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975.[81] Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "olé" each pass from the German team, and booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle.[82] The match has been nicknamed the Mineirazo, making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place.[83] Brazil finished the World Cup in fourth place, having failed to avenge their semi-final defeat to Germany by losing to the Netherlands 0–3 in the third-place match.1–7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975.[81] Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "olé" each pass from the German team, and booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle.[82] The match has been nicknamed the Mineirazo, making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place.[83] Brazil finished the World Cup in fourth place, having failed to avenge their semi-final defeat to Germany by losing to the Netherlands 0–3 in the third-place match.[84][85] The team ended the tournament with the worst defensive record of the 32 competing nations, having conceded 14 goals.[86] The only other countries to concede 12 or more goals in the current World Cup format are North Korea and Saudi Arabia.[87] Following these results, Scolari announced his resignation.[88]

On 22 July 2014, Dunga was announced as the new manager of Brazil, returning to the position for the first time since the team's exit at the 2010 World Cup.[89]

Dunga's first match in his second reign as Brazil's manager was a friendly match against 2014 World Cup quarter-finalists Colombia at Sun Life Stadium in Miami on 5 September 2014, with Brazil winning the match 1–0 through an 83rd-minute Neymar free-kick goal.[90] Dunga followed this up with wins against Ecuador (1–0),[91] in the 2014 Superclásico de las Américas against Argentina (2–0),[92] against Japan (4–0),[93] against Turkey (0–4),[94] and against Austria (1–2).[95] Dunga continued Brazil's winning streak in 2015 by defeating France 3–1 in another friendly. They followed this with wins against Chile (1–0), Mexico (2–0) and Sun Life Stadium in Miami on 5 September 2014, with Brazil winning the match 1–0 through an 83rd-minute Neymar free-kick goal.[90] Dunga followed this up with wins against Ecuador (1–0),[91] in the 2014 Superclásico de las Américas against Argentina (2–0),[92] against Japan (4–0),[93] against Turkey (0–4),[94] and against Austria (1–2).[95] Dunga continued Brazil's winning streak in 2015 by defeating France 3–1 in another friendly. They followed this with wins against Chile (1–0), Mexico (2–0) and Honduras (1–0).

Brazil started the tournament with a victory against Peru after coming from behind by 2–1 (with Douglas Costa scoring in the dying moments),[96] followed by a 1–0 defeat against Colombia[97] and a 2–1 victory against Venezuela.[98] In the knockout stage, Brazil faced Paraguay and was eliminated after drawing 1–1 in normal time and losing 4–3 in the penalty shootout.[99] As such, Brazil was unable to qualify for a FIFA Confederations Cup (in this case, the 2017 edition) for the first time in almost 20 years.[100]

Copa América Centenario
[108] Tite, who had managed Corinthians, the 2015 Brazilian champions and 2012 Club World Cup champions, was confirmed as his replacement six days later.[109] Tite's debut was marked with a 3–0 away victory against Ecuador on 2 September,[110] followed by a 2–1 win over Colombia, a 5–0 win against Bolivia and a 0–2 victory away against Venezuela, bringing Brazil to the top of the World Cup Qualifiers leaderboard for the first time since 2011.[111] Brazil then defeated Paraguay 3–0 to become the first team, other than the hosts Russia, to qualify for the 2018 World Cup.[112]

Brazil started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a draw against Switzerland – Brazil's goal coming from a 25-yard bending strike from Philippe Coutinho – their first non-win in an opener since 1978.[113] In the following match against Costa Rica on 22 June, goals from Coutinho and Neymar in stoppage time saw Brazil win 2–0.[114] They won their final group game 2–0 over Serbia with goals from Paulinho and Thiago Silva, meaning qualification for the last 16 as group winners.[115] On 2 July, goals from Neymar and Roberto Firmino saw Brazil 2–0 win over Mexico to advance to the quarter-finals.[116] On 6 July, Brazil were eliminated from the 2018 World Cup by Belgium in the quarter-finals, losing 2–1, with Fernandinho scoring an own goal for Belgium while Renato

Brazil started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a draw against Switzerland – Brazil's goal coming from a 25-yard bending strike from Philippe Coutinho – their first non-win in an opener since 1978.[113] In the following match against Costa Rica on 22 June, goals from Coutinho and Neymar in stoppage time saw Brazil win 2–0.[114] They won their final group game 2–0 over Serbia with goals from Paulinho and Thiago Silva, meaning qualification for the last 16 as group winners.[115] On 2 July, goals from Neymar and Roberto Firmino saw Brazil 2–0 win over Mexico to advance to the quarter-finals.[116] On 6 July, Brazil were eliminated from the 2018 World Cup by Belgium in the quarter-finals, losing 2–1, with Fernandinho scoring an own goal for Belgium while Renato Augusto scored the only goal for Brazil.[117][118][119]

In spite of World Cup failure, the CBF continued to trust Tite and allowed him to continue his job as coach of Brazil for the 2019 Copa América held at home. However, Brazilian perpetration for the tournament at home was hampered by the injury of Neymar in an friendly match where Brazil thrashed 2019 AFC Asian Cup champions Qatar 2–0.[120] Despite this loss, Tite managed Brazil to their first Copa América title since 2007. Brazil overcame Bolivia despite the negative reaction from home fans after a goalless first half[121] and Peru in a celebratory 5–0 demolition.[122] Between these matches, Brazil drew Venezuela in a lackluster 0–0 draw with three goals ruled out by VAR.[123] Brazil met Paraguay in the quarter-finals where they barely escaped 4–3 in a penalty shootout after another disappointing goalless draw.[124] In the famed semi-finals clash against neighboring rival and fellow powerhouse Argentina, Brazil put up its best performance to date, beating Lionel Messi and the Argentines 2–0 to setup a rematch with Peru.[125] In the final, Brazil managed to defeat the Peruvians once again 3–1 to conquer their ninth Copa América title.[126] The win for Brazil, however, was criticized by Argentina coach Lionel Scaloni, who accused CONMEBOL for VAR match-fixing and that Brazil was "designed" to win the tournament,[127] an accusation Tite rejected.

Nicknames

The Brazil national team is known by different names in various parts of the world. Nicknames for the squad in Brazil include: Canarinha, meaning 'Little Canary', a reference to a species of bird commonly found in Brazil that has a vivid yellow color; this phrase was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup,[128] Amarelinha (Little Yellow One), Seleção (The National Squad), Ve

The Brazil national team is known by different names in various parts of the world. Nicknames for the squad in Brazil include: Canarinha, meaning 'Little Canary', a reference to a species of bird commonly found in Brazil that has a vivid yellow color; this phrase was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup,[128] Amarelinha (Little Yellow One), Seleção (The National Squad), Verde-amarela (Green and Yellow), Pentacampeão (Five-time Champions),[129] and Esquadrão de Ouro (The Golden Squad). Some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil team as El Scratch (The Scratch), among others.[130]

Team imageBrazil's first team colors were white with blue collars, but following the defeat at Maracanã in the 1950 World Cup, the colors were criticised for lacking patriotism. With permission from the Brazilian Sports Confederation, the newspaper Correio da Manhã held a competition to design a new kit incorporating the four colors of the Brazilian flag.[131] The winning design was a yellow jersey with green trim and blue shorts with the white trim drawn by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a nineteen-year-old from Pelotas.[132] The new colors were first used in March 1954 in a match against Chile, and have been used ever since. Topper were the manufacturers of Brazil's kit up to and including the match against Wales on 11 September 1991; Umbro took over before the next match, versus Yugoslavia in October 1991.[133] Nike began making Brazil kits in time for the 1998 World Cup.[134]

The use of blue as the second kit color dates from the 1930s, but it became the permanent second choice accidentally in the 1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents were Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no second kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on them the badges taken from their yellow shirts.[135]

Kit sponsorship

Kit supplier Period
Brazil1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents were Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no second kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on them the badges taken from their yellow shirts.[135]

Brazil does not have a home national stadium like many other national teams, and rotates their home World Cup qualifying matches in various venues throughout the country, such as the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro. Since September 2006, Brazil has played many international friendlies at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium in London, England. Brazil also plays a number of international friendlies in the United States and other parts of the world as part of the Brasil Global Tour.

Brazil's training camp is the Granja Comary in Teresópolis, located 90 km (56 mi) from Rio de Janeiro.[138] Granja Comary was opened in 1987,[139] and underwent significant renovations in 2013 and 2014.

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup they entered, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team.

FIFA World Cup record Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Group stage 6th 2 1 0 1 5 2 Squad Qualified as invitees
Italy 1934 Round of 16 14th 1 0 0 1 1 3 Squad Qualified automatically
France 1938 Third place 3rd 5 3 1 1 14 11 Squad Qualified automatically
Brazil 1950 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 22 6 Squad Qualified as hosts
SwitzerlandBrazil's training camp is the Granja Comary in Teresópolis, located 90 km (56 mi) from Rio de Janeiro.[138] Granja Comary was opened in 1987,[139] and underwent significant renovations in 2013 and 2014.

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup they entered, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team.

FIFA World Cup record Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF Below is a result summary of all matches Brazil have played against FIFA recognized teams.[140] Updated on 13 October 2020.

  Positive Record   Neutral Record   Negative Record

  1. ^ East Germany won the Olympics in 1976, but the current Germany national team hasn't inherited their Olympic record.
  2. ^ Includes matches against  West Germany[141]
  3. ^ Includes matches against  Yugoslavia[142]
  4. ^ Includes matches against  Czechoslovakia[143]
  5. ^ Includes matches against  Soviet Union[144]
  6. ^ Includes matches against  Zaire[147]

Results and fixtures

  Win   Draw   Loss

2019

15 November 2019 Superclásico de las AméricasBrazil 0–1 ArgentinaRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
20:00 (UTC+3) Report Messi Goal 13' Stadium: King Saud University Stadium
Attendance: 22,541
Referee: Matthew Conger (New Zealand)
19 November Brasil Global TourBrazil 3–0 South KoreaAbu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
17:30 GST (UTC+4) Paquetá Goal 9'
Coutinho Goal 36'
Danilo Goal 60'
Report Stadium: Mohammed bin Zayed Stadium
Attendance: 9,000
Referee: Ammar Al-Jeneibi (United Arab Emirates)

2020

9 October 2022 FIFA World Cup qualificationBrazil 5–0 BoliviaSão Paulo, Brazil
21:30 BRT (UTC−3) Marquinhos Goal 16'
Firmino Goal 30'49'
Carrasco Goal 66' (o.g.)
Coutinho Goal 73'
Report Stadium: Neo Química Arena
Referee: Leodán González (Uruguay)
13 October 2022 FIFA World Cup qualificationPeru 2–4 BrazilLima, Peru
19:00 PET (UTC−5) Carrillo Goal 5'
Tapia Goal 59'
Report Neymar Goal 28' (pen.)83' (pen.)90+4'
Richarlison Goal 64'
Stadium: Estadio Nacional
Referee: Julio Bascuñán (Chile)