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The official languages of the state are Chhattisgarhi and Hindi. Chhattisgarhi is spoken and understood by the majority of people in Chhattisgarh. Among other languages, Odia is widely spoken in the eastern part of the state. Sadri is spoken in the northeast near Jharkhand. Chhattisgarhi is called Khaltahi by tribals and Laria in Odia.

In addition to Chhattisgarhi, there are several other languages spoken by the tribal people of the Bastar region like Halbi, Gondi and Bhatri. There are small communities of Telugu and Marathi speakers near the borders of Telangana and Maharashtra, respectively.[65][66][67][68]

Status of women

Chhattisgarh has a high female-male sex ratio (991)[69] ranking at the fifth position among other states of India. Although this ratio is small compared to other states, it is unique in India because Chhattisgarh is the 10th-largest state in India.

The gender ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) has been steadily declining over 20th century in Chhattisgarh. But it is conspicuous that Chhattisgarh always had a better female-to-male ratio compared with national average.

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
India 972 964 955 950 945 946 941 930 934 927 933 940
Chhattisgarh 1046 1039 1041 1043 1032 1024 1008 998 998 985 989 991

Rural women, although poor, are independent, better organised, and socially outspoken. According to another local custom, women can choose to terminate a marriage relationship through a custom

In addition to Chhattisgarhi, there are several other languages spoken by the tribal people of the Bastar region like Halbi, Gondi and Bhatri. There are small communities of Telugu and Marathi speakers near the borders of Telangana and Maharashtra, respectively.[65][66][67][68]

Chhattisgarh has a high female-male sex ratio (991)[69] ranking at the fifth position among other states of India. Although this ratio is small compared to other states, it is unique in India because Chhattisgarh is the 10th-largest state in India.

The gender ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) has been steadily declining over 20th century in Chhattisgarh. But it is conspicuous that Chhattisgarh always had a better female-to-male ratio compared with national average.

Year 1901 1911 192

The gender ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) has been steadily declining over 20th century in Chhattisgarh. But it is conspicuous that Chhattisgarh always had a better female-to-male ratio compared with national average.