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The A-segment is the 1st category in the passenger car classification system defined by the European Commission. It is used for city cars, the smallest category of passenger cars defined. In Europe the term city car is also used. A-segment sales represent approx. 7-8% of the market in 2010s.


Definition


As of 2021 A-segment category size span from approx. 2.7m to 3.7m (photo comparison of new city cars of all brands sorted by length): New city cars comparison with dimensions and boot capacity City cars are urban vehicles that best suits the needs in the city whose common denominator is the flexibility, ease of parking and reduced consumption, which is carried out by keeping the height, by adjusting the width and by compacting the length.


Characteristics


Body styles for A-segment cars in Europe are always hatchbacks. But as rising popularity of crossovers, new models may shift to look like mild crossover (new 2021 Toyota Aygo X Prologue concept). Other body style like sedans are not present because lack of practicality.


History


The popularity of the segment increased in the late 1950s, due to the introduction of the Fiat 500 in 1957 and the BMC Mini in 1959. File:Fiat500 2CSF.jpg|Fiat 500
Nuova 500 (1957–1961) File:1959 Morris Mini-Minor Heritage Motor Centre, Gaydon.jpg| Mini
Mark I Mini (1959–1967)
As of 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020, A-segment sales account for 8.1%, 8%, 7.7% and 6.8% market share in Europe respectively.


Current models


In 2020 the ten highest selling A-segment cars in Europe were Fiat Panda, Fiat 500, Toyota Aygo, Renault Twingo, Volkswagen Up!, Hyundai i10, Kia Picanto, Peugeot 108, Citroën C1 and Suzuki Ignis. 100.000 - 200.000 sales (Best-Selling) File:Fiat Panda in Mechelen NL.jpg |Fiat Panda
3rd generation (2011–present)
Made in Italy File:2010 Fiat 500 Lounge 1.2 Front.jpg| Fiat 500 (2007)
1st generation (2007–present)
Made in Poland
50.000 - 100.000 sales File:Toyota Aygo (cropped).jpg|Toyota Aygo
2nd generation (2014–present)
Made in Czech Republic File:Renault Twingo FL Monrepos 2019 IMG 1948.jpg|Renault Twingo
3rd generation (2014–present)
Made in Slovenia File:VW high up! 1.0 BlueMotion Technology (Facelift) – Frontansicht, 21. April 2017, Düsseldorf.jpg|Volkswagen Up!
1st generation (2011–present)
Made in Slovakia File:Hyundai i10 1.0 Intro (III) – f 03012021.jpg|Hyundai i10
3rd generation (2019-present)
Made in Turkey
10.000 - 50.000 sales File:2018 Kia Picanto 3 Automatic 1.2 Front.jpg|Kia Picanto
3rd generation (2017–present)
Made in Russia File:2018 Peugeot 108 Collection 1.0 Front (1).jpg|Peugeot 108
2nd generation (2014–2021)
Made in Czech Republic File:2017 Citroen C1 Flair Puretech 1.2 Front.jpg|Citroën C1
2nd generation (2014–2021)
Made in Czech Republic File:Suzuki Ignis (third generation) Facelift IMG 3743.jpg|Suzuki Ignis
2nd generation (2016–present)
Made in India File:Mitsubishi Space Star (49898041618).jpg|Mitsubishi Space Star
6th generation (2012-present)
Made in Thailand File:Smart EQ fortwo IMG 3100.jpg|smart EQ fortwo
3rd generation (2016-present)
Made in France File:2018 Skoda Citigo SE MPi 1.0 Front.jpg|Škoda Citigo
1st generation (2011–2020)
Made in Slovakia



Sales figures in Europe


{| class="wikitable sortable" !2020 rank !Brand !Model !2013 !2014 !2015 !2016 !2017 !2018 !2019 !2020 !% change (2019–2020) |- !1 |Fiat |Panda |152,727 |152,045 |171,377 |190,432 |187,049 |168,094 |184,027 |145,907 | -21% |- !2 |Fiat |500 (2007) |158,918 |180,403 |180,005 |183,194 |189,360 |188,448 |175,017 |141,313 | -19% |- !3 |Toyota |Aygo |57,002 |68,874 |86,085 |84,321 |84,588 |92,187 |99,510 |82,711 | -17% |- !4 |Renault |Twingo |78,432 |81,574 |95,808 |84,766 |77,326 |86,221 |87,383 |73,345 | -16% |- !5 |Volkswagen |Up! |130,039 |124,845 |105,348 |96,836 |100,715 |97,366 |80,048 |59,578 | -26% |- !6 |Hyundai |i10 |60,324 |80,819 |86,004 |85,385 |90,603 |83,102 |78,791 |50,233 | -36% |- !7 |Kia |Picanto |50,524 |51,222 |54,036 |54,982 |62,161 |74,526 |74,305 |49,211 | -34% |- !8 |Peugeot |108 | - |31,087 |68,522 |63,561 |55,831 |57,257 |54,230 |43,629 | -20% |- !9 |Citroën |C1 |56,722 |53,518 |63,695 |62,537 |53,292 |52,020 |49,900 |40,578 | -19% |- !10 |Suzuki |Ignis | - | - | - |1,602 |41,166 |43,774 |38,091 |37,568 | -1% |- !11 |Mitsubishi |Space Star/Mirage |13,978 |22,008 |29,547 |27,386 |30,016 |36,105 |38,002 |35,703 | -6% |- !12 |Smart |Fortwo |65,226 |52,059 |57,056 |69,169 |65,800 |62,361 |77,766 |19,576 | -75% |- !13 |Škoda |Citigo |44,851 |40,616 |38,735 |38,664 |35,698 |36,450 |30,786 |14,120 | -54% |- !14 |SEAT |Mii |28,608 |24,865 |24,298 |19,882 |15,412 |13,031 |12,641 |7,790 | -38% |- !15 |Smart |Forfour | |3,757 |39,543 |37,133 |34,253 |34,975 |36,736 |7,640 | -79% |- !16 |Suzuki |Celerio | - |894 |25,393 |26,465 |23,417 |20,836 |13,275 |2,035 | -85% |- !17 |Citroën |C-Zero | - | - |1,075 |1,780 |1,105 |1,247 |980 |1,839 | +88% |- !18 |Dacia |Spring | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |1,724 |New |- !19 |Peugeot |iOn | - | - |1,461 |1,881 |1,544 |1,651 |865 |333 | -62% |- !20 |Citroën |E-Mehari | - | - | - |569 |353 |321 |154 |78 | -49% |- !21 |Mitsubishi |i-MiEV | - | - |714 |484 |447 |325 |171 |57 | -67% |- !22 |Opel/Vauxhall |Adam |45,756 |54,207 |55,278 |52,938 |48,181 |41,817 |31,129 |5 | -100% |- !23 |Mitsubishi |Attrage | - | - |352 |168 |114 |62 |88 |1 | -99% |- !24 |Opel/Vauxhall |Karl/Viva | - | - |28,607 |57,458 |49,516 |48,292 |47,504 |0 | -100% |- !25 |DR Automobiles |Zero | - | - | - |261 |174 | - | - |0 | -100% |- ! | | | | | | | | | | | |- ! |Lancia/Chrysler |Ypsilon |57,613 |62,807 |59,501 |66,941 | - | - | - | - | |- ! |Ford |Ka |50,012 |52,854 |48,368 |21,333 |204 |16 | - | - | |- ! |Peugeot |107 |55,244 |24,356 |88 |5 |1 |2 | - | - | |- ! |Chevrolet |Spark |37,268 |10,138 |479 |96 |2 |3 | - | - | |- ! |Suzuki |Alto |26,821 |26,876 |5,710 |4 |2 | - | - | - | |- ! |Suzuki |Splash |15,563 |13,232 |2,663 |11 | - | - | - | - | |- ! |Opel/Vauxhall |Agila |14,020 |12,200 |2,054 |19 |1 | - | - | - | |- ! |Toyota |iQ |5,462 |3,593 |292 |172 |2 |3 | - | - | |- ! |Tata |Indica | |345 |52 |3 | - | - | - | - | |- ! |Nissan |Pixo |3,321 |131 | - | - | - | - | - | - | |- ! |DR Automobiles |DR1 |21 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | |- ! |Daihatsu |Cuore/Charade |5 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | |- ! |Volkswagen |Fox |1 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | |- ! | | | | | | | | | | | |- !Segment total ! ! !1,208,431 !1,229,352 !1,332,146 !1,330,438 !1,248,333 !1,240,492 !1,211,399 !814,974 ! -33% |- !Source ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !


Market share in Europe


2019 - In 2019, sales of minicars were down 2% compared to a total market gain of 1% which means this segment now makes up 7.7% of the total European car market at 1.21 million sales, down from 8% in 2018. And with margins on minicars under pressure due to increased costs to comply with stricter safety and emissions standards, manufacturers are scaling back investments in to minicars or switching to an EV-only strategy. In Italy, A-segment cars represented 16.4% of car sales in the first half of 2019.{{cite web |title=Car market share in Italy from January to June 2019, by segment |url=https://www.statista.com/statistics/577202/car-market-share-by-segment-italy/ |website=www.statista.com |access-date=1 March 2021 |language=en 2020 - European sales of minicars were down by a third in 2020, which translates to nearly 400,000 fewer sales and means the segment loses market share as the overall market is down 24%. As a result, this segment now makes up 6.8% of the total European car market, down from 7.7% last year. And their share is expected to shrink further in coming years, as manufacturers are pulling out of this segment or switching their models to EV-only. This is a result of increasing costs to comply with stricter safety and especially emissions standards, which makes minicars nearly unprofitable, especially considering that for most models from European brands this is the only market.


Market share in other countries


In the United States, minicar segment cars represented 0.5% of the market share. In 2020 the highest selling minicar segment cars in USA were the Chevrolet Spark, Mitsubishi Mirage and Mini Cooper.{{cite web |title=US car sales analysis 2020 – Minicars |url=https://carsalesbase.com/us-car-sales-analysis-2020-minicars/ |website=www.carsalesbase.com |access-date=8 February 2021|date=February 2019 With the minicar segment in decline even in its “home market” Europe, and just irrelevant sales in the United States, the future is uncertain for this type of vehicle. In India, historically the A-segment cars had the highest sales. However, sales have been in decline in recent years,{{cite web |title=India: A-segment cars biggest market share loser, compact SUVs leading gainer |url=https://ihsmarkit.com/research-analysis/india-a-segment-cars-biggest-market-share-loser-compact-suvs-leading-gainer.html |website=www.ihsmarkit.com |access-date=15 December 2018 |date=14 June 2016 falling from 70,000 sales per month in 2014 to 47,000 sales per month in 2016.{{cite web |title=Segment shift: Indian car buyers now prefer premium |url=https://www.carwale.com/features/segment-shift-indian-car-buyers-now-prefer-premium-28656/ |website=www.carwale.com |access-date=15 December 2018 |date=14 April 2017 As of 2019, only few A-segment cars had successes outside Europe, such as Hyundai Grand i10, Honda Brio, Kia Picanto, Suzuki Celerio (also sold under Maruti brand), Ford Figo, smart fortwo, Citroen C1, Peugeot 108, and modern Fiat 500.

See also

{{div col|colwidth=30em * B-segment * Euro Car Segment * Car classification * Vehicle size class * Hatchback * Economy car * Microcar * Kei car * Kei truck {{div col end


References


{{reflist|30em {{EC car classification {{Automobile configuration Category:Euro car segments