''Federmesser'' group is an archaeological umbrella term including the late Upper Paleolithic to Mesolithic cultures of the Northern European Plain, dating to between 14,000 and 12,800 years ago (the late Magdalenian). It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested.J.-G. Rozoy, trans. L.G. Strauss, "The (Re-)Population of Northern France between 13,000 and 8000 BP", ''Quaternary International'', Vol. 49j/50 (1998), 69–86, 1998. It includes the ''Tjongerian'' sites at Lochtenrek in the Frisian part of the Netherland, spanning the area of Belgium, the Netherlands, northern France, northern Germany, southern Denmark, and Poland (''Tarnowian'' and ''Witowian'' cultures). It is also closely related to the Creswellian culture to the west and the Azilian to the south. The name is derived from the characteristic small backed flint blades, in German termed ''Federmesser'' ("quill knife"). It is succeeded by the Ahrensburg culture after 12,800 BP.

See also

* Late Glacial Maximum * Ahrensburg culture * Hamburg culture * Magdalenian * Kozarnika * Laacher See


Category:Magdalenian Category:Mesolithic cultures of Europe Category:Archaeological cultures of Central Europe Category:Archaeological cultures of Western Europe Category:Paleolithic cultures of Europe Category:Archaeological cultures in Belgium Category:Archaeological cultures in Germany Category:Archaeological cultures in the Netherlands {{europe-archaeology-stub