Gostivar ( mk|Гостивар , Albanian
: ''Gostivar''), is a city in North Macedonia
, located in the upper Polog
valley region. It is one of the largest municipalities in the country with a population of 81,042, and the town also covers . Gostivar has road and railway connections with the other cities in the region, such as Tetovo
, and Debar
. A freeway was built in 1995, from Gostivar to Tetovo, long. Gostivar is the seat of Gostivar Municipality
Gostivar, at an elevation of 535 meters, is situated on the foothills of one of the Šar Mountain
s. Near to Gostivar is the village of Vrutok
, where the Vardar
river begins at an altitude of from the base of the Šar Mountains. Vardar River extends through Gostivar, cutting it in half, passes through the capital Skopje, goes through the country, enters Greece
and finally reaches the Aegean Sea
According to the 2002 census, the city of Gostivar had a population of 35,847 inhabitants and the ethnic composition is the following:
[Macedonian Census (2002)]
''Book 5 - Total population according to the Ethnic Affiliation, Mother Tongue and Religion
', The State Statistical Office, Skopje, 2002, p. 87, 224, 361.
*Albanians, 16,890 (47.1%)
*Macedonians, 11,885 (33.2%)
*Turks, 4,559 (12.7%)
*Romas, 1,899 (5.3%)
*others, 614 (1.7%)
The most common mother tongues in the city were the following:
*Albanian, 16,877 (47.1%)
*Macedonian, 13,843 (38.6%)
*Turkish, 4,423 (12.3%)
*Romani, 301 (0.8%)
*Serbian, 124 (0.3%)
*others, 279 (0.7%)
The religious composition of the city was the following:
*Muslims, 23,686 (66.1%)
*Orthodox Christians, 11,865 (33.1%)
*others, 296 (0.8%)
It is known that there was a town called Draudacum, Draudàkon (Δραυδάκον in Ancient Greek
), built in 170BC, near or on the current place of Gostivar.
Early mentions of the town was made by the Roman historian Livy
. He records how during the Third Macedonian War
the King of Macedon Perseus
at the head of 10000 men, after taking Uskana (Kicevo), attacked Drau-Dak, today Gostivar.
In the late 19th and early 20th century, Gostivar was part of the Kosovo Vilayet
of the Ottoman Empire
From 1929 to 1941, Gostivar was part of the Vardar Banovina
of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
, and then became part of Italian-occupied Albania.
Gostivar is a merchant city. From the second half of the 19th century, merchants started moving in and opening stores. There is also a market day, Tuesday. Merchants from Kruševo
were the founders of the Gostivar merchant centre at that time. Today they have become electricians, mechanics workers, and Gostivar is a modern city.
There are 20,000 Expatriate
citizens who are a key source of income in the municipality economy. It is calculated that each year between June and August, approximately 500,000 euro
s are brought into the city when they return.
In May 2015, an automotive company announced that it would open a new plant in Gostivar in the summer of 2015.
Leaving Gostivar on the way to Ohrid, the village Vrutok has the gorge of the biggest river in North Macedonia, Vardar
, which is long and flows into the Aegean Sea, at Thessaloniki
. Gostivar is one of the biggest settlements in the Polog valley. The Polog valley can be observed from the high lands of Mavrovo
Approximately from Gostivar is a ski resort, "Zare Lazarevski", in the Mavrovo National Park
. Mavrovo attracts tourists during all seasons, but is more popular in winter when it is all covered with snow. The tourist resort has 1200 beds and over 1000 villas, with hotels, restaurants and shops. The Mavrovo region hosts ski tournaments and other sport recreations. The peaks on the northern part of the Bistra mountain: Rusino Brdo, Sultanica and Sandaktas, host winter sport activities.
The Šar Mountain is one of the most important Alpine mountain ranges in North Macedonia together with neighbouring Mount Korab
and Bistra mountains. The range is long and wide and is covered with snow from November till March or April every year. Its highest peak, Titov Vrv
, is situated on above sea level
Fauna of the area includes the Šarplaninac
dog, which are used by the sheep-herders
of Šar Mountain (''Šar Planina'' in Serbian and Macedonian), to guide and protect their sheep
s, wild boar
exist also. The area has a variety of vegetation
, including medical herbs
, and even hunt
activities can be arranged.
Šar Mountain is among the largest compact area covered with pasture
s on the European Continent
. This provides opportunities for animal husbandry
products, mainly cheese
cheese, are made in the many sheepfolds
on Šar and the adjacent mountains. These include several kinds of feta cheese, like Shara and Galicnik
Located in the northwestern part of North Macedonia, Popova Shapka is another winter ski resort. It is situated on the Šar Mountain, above the sea level, just from the capital Skopje. Popova Shapka has hotel accommodation.
Visitors not from the Republic of North Macedonia, and elsewhere other countries, use the facilities. Popova Shapka has been a host to both the Europe
an and Balkan
Ski Championships. Not far from the resort, there are a number of small glacial lake
s around on the mountain. There are two ways to get to Popova Shapka: by car, and by rope-railway with a starting location in Tetovo. The rope-railway is long and it takes about 36 minutes to reach the top.
Football club KF Gostivari
has played in the Macedonian First League
and stage their home games at the City Stadium Gostivar
Official web site of the Municipality of GostivarGostivar Online
File:Gostivar, razglednica 1921.jpg|Gostivar at 1921
File:Gostivar od 1929 godina.jpg|Gostivar at 1929
File:Gostivar, razglednica od 1930ti godini.jpg|Gostivar at 1930
File:Gostivar, razglednica, 1930-ti.jpg|Gostivar at 1930
File:Gostivar, razglednica 1935.jpg|Gostivar at 1935
Category:Cities in North Macedonia
Category:Ski areas and resorts in North Macedonia