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Humanitas is a Latin noun meaning human nature, civilization, and kindness. It has uses in the Enlightenment, which are discussed below.

See Michael D. Reeve, "Classical Scholars

See Michael D. Reeve, "Classical Scholarship" in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism, Jill Kraye, editor (Cambridge, 1996), pp. 21–22.

  • ^ For example, Ernst Robert Curtius recounts that "St. Jerome furnished the Middle Ages with an oft repeated argument for utilizing antique learning in the service of Christianity: In Deuteronomy 21 :12: If a Hebrew desires to marry a heathen slave, he shall cut her hair and her nails. In like manner the Chritian who loves secular learning shall purify it from all errors. Then it is worthy to serve God." St. Augustine "in his allegorical exposition of Exodus 3 : 22 and 1

    Call Archimedes from his buried tomb
    Upon the plain of vanished Syracuse,
    And feelingly the Sage shall make report
    How insecure, how baseless in itself,
    Is the Philosophy, whose sway depends
    On mere material instruments;—how weak
    Those arts, and high inventions, if unpropped
    By virtue.—He, sighing with pensive grief,
    Amid his calm abstractions, would admit
    That not the slender privilege is theirs
    To save themselves from blank forgetfulness!William Wordsworth (1770-1850), The Excursion (Book Eighth: "The Parsonage", lines 220-230)

  • ^ See Cicero, De Legibus, Book 1: 25.
  • ^ Peter Gay, The Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Paganism (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, [1966] 1995), pp. 107–108.
  • ^ T. J. Reed, Light in Germany: Scenes from an Unknown Enlightenment (University of Chicago, 2015), p. 59.
  • ^ William Hardy McNiell, "Discrepancies among the social sciences", Conspectus of History 1: 7 (1981): 37-38.
  • ^ Poma, Andrea (2017). Cadenzas: Philosophical Notes for Postmodernism. Berlin: Springer. p. 231. ISBN 9783319528113.