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Hungary is a historically Christian country. Hungarian historiography identifies the foundation of the Hungarian state with Stephen I's baptism and coronation with the Holy Crown in A.D. 1000. Stephen promulgated Roman Catholicism as the state religion, and his successors were traditionally known as the Apostolic Kings. The Catholic Church in Hungary remained strong through the centuries, and the Archbishop of Esztergom was granted extraordinary temporal privileges as prince-primate (hercegprímás) of Hungary.

Although contemporary Hungary has no official religion and recognizes freedom of religion as a fundamental right, the Hungarian constitution "recognizes Christianity's nation-building role" in its preamble[213] and in Article VII affirms that "the state may cooperate with the churches for community goals."[214]

During the initial stages of the Protestant Reformation, most Hungarians adop

Four of the cities (Budapest, Miskolc, Győr, and Pécs) have agglomerations, and the Hungarian Statistical Office distinguishes seventeen other areas in earlier stages of agglomeration development.[209]