is a prefecture
located on the island of Shikoku
. Kōchi Prefecture has a population of 757,914 (1 December 2011) and has a geographic area of 7,103 km²
(2,742 sq mi
). Kōchi Prefecture borders Ehime Prefecture
to the northwest and Tokushima Prefecture
to the northeast.
is the capital and largest city of Kōchi Prefecture, with other major cities including Nankoku
, and Kōnan
. Kōchi Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific
coast surrounding a large bay
in the south of Shikoku, with the southernmost point of the island located at Cape Ashizuri
. Kōchi Prefecture is home to Kōchi Castle
, considered the most intact Japanese castle
, and the Shimanto River
, one of the few undammed
rivers in Japan.
Kōchi Prefecture was historically known as Tosa Province
and was controlled by the Chōsokabe clan
in the Sengoku period
and the Yamauchi clan
during the Edo period
Kōchi city is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma
, who became one of the main instigators of the Meiji Restoration
Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku
, facing the Pacific Ocean
. It is bordered by Ehime
to the north-west and Tokushima
to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura
is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama
in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude
of 1,506 meters above sea level
As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks
, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park
, Muroto-Anan Kaigan
, and Tsurugisan
Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:
File:Kochi Japan.jpg|Kōchi City
File:SHIMANTO CITY.jpg|Shimanto City
File:Susaki city view.jpg|Susaki City
File:手結漁港 - panoramio.jpg|Kōnan City
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district
File:いの町新町付近 - panoramio.jpg|Ino Town
File:くろ鉄奈半利駅からの眺め・南向き - panoramio.jpg|Nahari Town
File:Irino no Matsubara, enkei.jpg|Kuroshio Town
thumb|right|Cape of Muroto
* Kōchi Castle
, one of only 12 original castles left in Japan
* Okō Castle
, Chōsokabe clan
`s prime castle ruins now Kōchi Prefectural Museum of History
is on site.
* Ryugado Cave
, one of Japan's top three caves
* Shimanto River
, the only undammed river in Japan
* Anpanman Museum
The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi.
The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.
The 2009 movie ''The Harimaya Bridge
'' starring Danny Glover
was set in Kochi.
Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, katsuo no tataki
Katsuo no tataki is skipjack tuna or bonito
, lightly seared.
Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest.
Sawachi is a term which refers to "a style of meal" in Kochi prefecture, according to Kochi-City Tourism Association.
It says that the characteristic of the style of eating is "its freeness in the arrangement of food on a large dish"
People eat Sawachi in the situation of "Enkai" which refers to a gathering of family, friends and relatives.
They surround "Sawachi", feasts on large dishes, and take own portions by themselves. The style represents the cultural climate of Kochi prefecture
which hates formal arrangements and respect freedom.
Festival and events
- Yosakoi (よさこい) is a unique style of dance that originated in Japan and that is performed at festivals and events all over the country.
The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.
*Kōchi Fighting Dogs
*Kōchi United SC
* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005) ''Japan encyclopedia.''
Cambridge: Harvard University Press
. OCLC 58053128
Category:Prefectures of Japan