Kovin () is a town and municipality located in the South Banat District
of the autonomous province of Vojvodina
, Serbia. The town has a population of 13,515, while the municipality has 33,722 inhabitants.
, the town is known as Cuvin, in Hungarian
as Kevevára or (until 1899) Temeskubin, and in German
as Kubin or Temeschkubin. In the past, the town was also known as Donji Kovin ("lower Kovin") in contrast to the town with same name in Hungary
that was known in Serbian as ''Gornji Kovin
'' ("upper Kovin") and in Hungarian as ''Ráckeve'' ("the Serb Kovin").
tribe of Albocenses
dwelled in this area in the 2nd century AD. There are remains of the ancient Roman fortress
called ''Contra Margum
'', opposite to the Margum
, a fortress on the other side of the Danube. In the 9th and 10th centuries, this area was populated by Slavs
and Voivode Glad
ruled over the region. Glad was defeated by the Hungarians
, and the area was included into the medieval Kingdom of Hungary
. In the 11th century, one of the descendants of Glad, Ahtum
, ruled over the region but he, too, was defeated by the Hungarians.
The earliest mention of the settlement was in 1071 as ''Keuee''. Kovin is mentioned in the 12th century as a seat of the county, which included most of the western Banat
. Since the 14th century, the city has had a large Serb
population that escaped there from Serbia
under threat by the Ottomans
. The Serbian despot Lazar Branković
took control over the city in 1457, but in the next year it came again under control of the Kingdom of Hungary.
In the 16th century, the city was included in the Ottoman Empire
and became a part of the Ottoman Province of Temeşvar
. During the Ottoman rule (16th-17th century), Kovin was mostly populated by ethnic Serbs
. In 1716, it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy
and belonged to the Habsburg Banat of Temeswar
until 1751 when it became part of the Habsburg Military Frontier
In 1848/1849, Kovin was part of the Serbian Voivodship
, but in 1849 it was again placed under administration of the Military Frontier. With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1873, Kovin was incorporated into Temes county
within the Kingdom of Hungary
. According to the 1910 census, Kovin District had a population of 35,482, of whom 21,795 spoke Serbian
, 6,587 German
, 5,705 Romanian
, and 5,355 Hungarian
This town had a significant role in the outbreak of World War I
[Manfried, Rauchensteiner. ''The First World War and the End of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1914-1918'']
(Böhlau Verlag, Vienna, 2014).
In July 1914, a purported military skirmish here was a proximate cause of the declaration of war against Serbia by Franz Joseph I of Austria
, but the report of such skirmish was apparently false, or greatly exaggerated.
In 1918, Kovin became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(renamed to Yugoslavia
in 1929). Between 1918 and 1922, it was part of Banat county; between 1922 and 1929 part of the Podunavska oblast; and between 1929 and 1941 part of the Danube Banovina
. Between 1941 and 1944, Kovin was under Axis
occupation and was part of the autonomous Banat
region within German
. The town was heavily bombed by the Allies
in 1944.Serbs were not specially chosen as targets
, Danas In 1945, it became part of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina within the Socialist Republic of Serbia and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1992, Kovin became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was in 2003 transformed into the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, the town is part of an independent Serbia.
Kovin municipality includes the town of Kovin and the following villages:
*Skorenovac ( hu|Székelykeve)
There is also this unofficial settlement in municipality:
According to the 2011 census, the total population of the municipality of Kovin was 33,722 inhabitants.
Settlements with a Serb ethnic majority are: Kovin, Bavanište, Gaj, Deliblato, Dubovac, Malo Bavanište, Mramorak, and Pločica. Skorenovac has a Hungarian ethnic majority. Šumarak is an ethnically-mixed settlement with a relative Hungarian majority.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
* Ráckeve, Hungary
*List of places in Serbia
*Municipalities of Serbia
*South Banat District
#Jovan Erdeljanović, Srbi u Banatu, Novi Sad, 1992.
#Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
Municipality of Kovin
Radio BUS - News from Kovin
Kovin Ekspres - online news and newspaper from Kovin
NETcom - Information technologies - services and data recovery
Category:Populated places in Serbian Banat
Category:Populated places in South Banat District
Category:Municipalities and cities of Vojvodina
Category:Towns in Serbia