Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician (LRJ) was a culture or technocomplex (industry) dating to the beginning Upper Paleolithic, about 43,000 years ago. It is characterised by leaf points made on long blades, which are thought to have been made by the last Neanderthals, although some researchers have suggested that it could be a culture of the first anatomically modern humans in Europe. It is rarely found, but extends across northwest Europe from Wales to Poland. A study by Thibaut Devièse et al published in March 2021 dates the last Neanderthals in Belgium to 44,200-40,600 BP, and the LRJ in the area is dated to 36,000 BP. The LRJ is therefore considered unlikely to be a Neanderthal technology.

Major sites

The technocomplex is named after findings in Kents Cavern, Lincombe Hill, Torquay (Devon, England), the cave of Ilsenhöhle in Ranis (Thuringia, Germany), and the Jerzmanowicien cave in Ojców (Kraków County, Poland). About 40 different sites have been identified.Flas Damien. 2006. La transition du Paléolithique moyen au supérieur dans la plaine septentrionale de l'Europe. Les problématiques du Lincombien-Ranisien-Jerzmanowicien. PhD diss., Université de Liège, Belgium, 2006.

See also

* Transitional cultures : Châtelperronian - Uluzzian - Bohunician - Szeletian * Follow-on cultures : Gravettian - Sungir - Kostenki * Haplogroup I-M170


{{Authority control Category:Archaeological cultures of Europe Category:Upper Paleolithic cultures of Europe Category:Archaeological cultures in Germany Category:Archaeological cultures in Poland Category:Archaeology of Wales Category:Peopling of Europe Category:Industries (archaeology)