HOME
        TheInfoList






Coordinates: 28°37′3″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61750°N 77.20833°E / 28.61750; 77.20833

Article 84 (under Part V. – The Union)[14] of Indian Constitution sets qualifications for being a member of Lok Sabha, which are as follows:

  1. He / She should be a citizen of India, and must subscribe before the Election Commission of India, an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  2. He / She should not be less than 25 years of age.
  3. He / She possesses other such qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by the Parliament.
  4. He / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law; and
  5. He / She should have his/her name in the electoral rolls in any part of the country.

However, a member can be disqualified of being a member of Parliament:

  1. If he / she holds office of profit;
  2. If he / she is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court
  3. If he / she is an undischarged insolvent;
  4. If he / she is not a citizen of India, or has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign State, or is

    The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic. This contained the founding principles of the law of the land which would govern India in its new form, which now included all the princely states which had not acceded to Pakistan.

    According to Article 79 (Part V-The Union.) of the Constitution of India, the Parliament of India consists of the President of India and the two Houses of Parliament known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha).[13]

    The Lok Sabha (Lower house of the People) was duly constituted for the first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952.

    Article 84 (under Part V. – The Union)[14] of Indian Constitution sets qualifications for being a member of Lok Sabha, which are as follows:

    1. He / She should be a citizen of India, and must subscribe before the Election Commission of India, an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
    2. He / She should not be less than 25 years of age.
    3. He / She possesses other such qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by the Parliament.
    4. He / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law; and
    5. He / She should have his/her name in the electoral rolls in any part of the country.

    However, a member can be disqualified of being a member of Parliament:

    1. If he / she holds office of profit;
    2. If he / she is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court
    3. If he / she is an undischarged insolvent;
    4. If he / she is not a citizen of India, or has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign State, or is under any acknowledgment of allegiance or adherence to a foreign State;
    5. If he / she is violating party discipline (as per Tenth schedule of the constitution); disqualified under Representation of People Act.

    A seat in the Lok Sabha will become vacant in the following circumstances (during normal functioning of the House):

    1. When the holder of the seat, by writing to the speaker, resigns.
    2. When the holder of the seat is absent from 60 consecutive days of proceedings of the House, without prior permission of the Speaker.
    3. When the holder of the seat is subject to any disqualifications mentioned in the Constitution or any law enacted by Parliament.
    4. A seat may also be vacated when the holder stands disqualified under the 'Anti-Defection Law'.

    Furthermore, as per article 101 (Part V.—The Union)[15] of the Indian Constitution, a person cannot be:

    1. A member of both Houses of Parliament and provision shall be made by Parliament by law for the vacation by a person who is chosen a member of both Houses of his seat in one House or the other.
    2. A member both of Parliament and of a House of the Legislature of a State.

    System of elections in Lok Sabha

    Members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people of India, on the basis of Universal Suffrage. Elections are by the people directly to the Lok Sabha and each state is divided into territorial constituencies under two provisions of the Constitution:

    1. Each state is allotted a number of seats in the Lok Sabha in such a manner that the ratio between that number and its population was as close to uniform as possible. This provision does not apply for states having a population of less than 6 million (60 lakh). The number of seats per state has been frozen under the constitutional amendment of 1976.
    2. Each state is divided into territorial constituencies in such a manner that the ratio between the population of each Representation of People Act.

    A seat in the Lok Sabha will become vacant in the following circumstances (during normal functioning of the House):

    1. When the holder of the seat, by writing to the speaker, resigns.
    2. When the holder of the seat is absent from 60 con

      A seat in the Lok Sabha will become vacant in the following circumstances (during normal functioning of the House):

      1. When the holder of the seat, by writing to the speaker, resigns.
      2. When the holder of the seat is absent from 60 consecutive days of proceedings of the House, without prior permission of the Speaker.
      3. When the holder of the seat is subject to any disqualifications mentioned in the Constitution or any law enacted by Parliament.
      4. A seat may also be vacated when the holder stands disqualified under the 'Anti-Defection Law'.

      Furthermore, as per article 101 (Part V.—The Union)Furthermore, as per article 101 (Part V.—The Union)[15] of the Indian Constitution, a person cannot be:

      1. A member of both Houses of Parliament and provision shall be made by Parliament by law for the vacation by a person who is chosen a member of both Houses of his seat in one House or the other.
      2. A member both of Parliament and of a House of the Legislature of a State.

      System of elections in Lok Sabha

      Members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people of India, on the basis of Universal Suffrage. Elections are by the people directly to the Lok Sabha and each state is divided into territorial constituencies under two provisions of the Constitution:

      1. Each state is allotted a number of seats in the Lok Sabha in such a manner that the ratio between that number and its population was as close to uniform as possible. This provision does not apply for states having a population of less than 6 million (60 lakh). The number of seats per state has been frozen under the constitutional amendment of 1976.
      2. E

        Notes:

        1. The expression "population" while distributing seats among states refers to the population ascertained at the census of 1971, per the Constitutional Amendment of 1976.[16]
        2. The expression "population" while distributing constituencies within a state refers to the population ascertained at the census of 2011.[17]

        Powers

        The Lok Sabha has certain powers that make it more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.

        • Motions of no confiden

          The Lok Sabha has certain powers that make it more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.

          • Motions of no confidence against the government can be introduced and passed in the Lok Sabha. If passed by a majority vote, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers resign collectively. The Rajya Sabha has no power over such a motion, and hence has no real power over the executive

            In conclusion, it is clear that the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha in almost all matters. Even in those matters in which the Constitution has placed both Houses on an equal footing, the Lok Sabha has more influence due to its greater numerical strength. This is typical of any Parliamentary democracy, with the lower House always being more powerful than the upper.

            Procedure

            Procedure in the House

            The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha and Directions issued by the Speaker from time to time there under regulate the procedure in Lok Sabha. The items of business, notice of which is received from the Ministers/ Private Members and admitted by the Speaker, are included in the daily List of Business which is printed and circulated to members in advance.

            Sessions

            The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than a six-month gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year. But, three sessions of Lok Sabha are held in a year:

            • Budget session: February to May.
            • Monsoon session: July to September.
            • Winter session: November to mid-December.

            When in session, Lok Sabha holds its sittings usually from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. On some days the sittings are continuously held without observing lunch break and are also extended beyond 6 p.m. depending upon the business before the House. Lok Sabha does not ordinarily sit on Saturdays and Sundays and other closed holidays.

            Question Hour

            The first hour of every sitting is called Question Hour. Asking questions in Parliament is the free and unfettered right of members, and during Question Hour they may ask questions of ministers on different aspects of administration and government policy in the national and international spheres. Every minister whose turn it is to answer to questions has to stand up and answer for his department's acts of omission or commission.

            Questions are of three types—Starred, Unstarred and Short Notice. A Starred Question is one to which a member desires an oral answer in the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk mark. An unstarred Question is one which is not called for oral answer in the house and on which no supplementary questions can consequently be asked. An answer to such a question is given in writing. Minimum period of notice for starred/unstarred question is 10 clear days. If the questions given notice of are admitted by the Speaker, they are listed and printed for answer on the dates allotted to the Ministries to which the subject matter of the question pertains.

            The normal period of notice does not apply to short-notice questions which relate to matters of urgent public importance. However, a short-notice question may be answered only on short notice if so permitted by the Speaker and the Minister concerned is prepared to answer it at shorter notice. A short-notice question is taken up for answer immediately after the Question Hour, popularly known as Zero Hour.

            Zero Hour

            The time immediately following the Question Hour has come to be known as "Zero Hour". It starts at around 12 noon (hence the name) and members can, with prior notice to the Speaker, raise issues of importance during this time. Typically, discussions on important Bills, the Budget, and other issues of national importance take place from 2 p.m. onwards.

            Business after Question Hour

            After the Question Hour, the House takes up miscellaneous items of work before proceeding to the main business of the day. These may consist of one or more of the following: Adjournment Motions, Questions involving breaches of Privileges, Papers to be laid on the Table, Communication of any messages from Rajya Sabha, Intimations regarding President's assent to Bills, Calling Attention

            The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha and Directions issued by the Speaker from time to time there under regulate the procedure in Lok Sabha. The items of business, notice of which is received from the Ministers/ Private Members and admitted by the Speaker, are included in the daily List of Business which is printed and circulated to members in advance.

            Sessions

            The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Con

            The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than a six-month gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year. But, three sessions of Lok Sabha are held in a year:

            • Budget session: February to May.
            • Monsoon session

              When in session, Lok Sabha holds its sittings usually from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. On some days the sittings are continuously held without observing lunch break and are also extended beyond 6 p.m. depending upon the business before the House. Lok Sabha does not ordinarily sit on Saturdays and Sundays and other closed holidays.

              Question Hour

              The first hour of every sitting is called Question Hour. Asking questions in Parliament is the free and unfettered right of members, and during Question Hour they may ask questions of ministers on different aspects of administration and government policy in the national and international spheres. Every minister whose turn it is to answer to questions has to stand up and answer for his department's acts of omission or commission.

              Questions are of three types—Starred, Unstarred and Short Notice. A Sta

              Questions are of three types—Starred, Unstarred and Short Notice. A Starred Question is one to which a member desires an oral answer in the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk mark. An unstarred Question is one which is not called for oral answer in the house and on which no supplementary questions can consequently be asked. An answer to such a question is given in writing. Minimum period of notice for starred/unstarred question is 10 clear days. If the questions given notice of are admitted by the Speaker, they are listed and printed for answer on the dates allotted to the Ministries to which the subject matter of the question pertains.

              The normal period of notice does not apply to short-notice questions which relate to matters of urgent public importance. However, a short-notice question may be answered only on short notice if so permitted by the Speaker and the Minister concerned is prepared to answer it at shorter notice. A short-notice question is taken up for answer immediately after the Question Hour, popularly known as Zero Hour.

              The time immediately following the Question Hour has come to be known as "Zero Hour". It starts at around 12 noon (hence the name) and members can, with prior notice to the Speaker, raise issues of importance during this time. Typically, discussions on important Bills, the Budget, and other issues of national importance take place from 2 p.m. onwards.

              Bus

              After the Question Hour, the House takes up miscellaneous items of work before proceeding to the main business of the day. These may consist of one or more of the following: Adjournment Motions, Questions involving breaches of Privileges, Papers to be laid on the Table, Communication of any messages from Rajya Sabha, Intimations regarding President's assent to Bills, Calling Attention Notices, Matters under Rule 377, Presentation of Reports of Parliamentary Committee, Presentation of Petitions, miscellaneous statements by Ministers, Motions regarding elections to Committees, Bills to be withdrawn or introduced.

              Main Business

              The main business of the da

              The main business of the day may be consideration of a Bill or financial business or consideration of a resolution or a motion.

              Legislative Busines

              Legislative proposals in the form of a Bill can be brought forward either by a Minister or by a private member. In the former case it is known as Government Bill and in the latter case it is known as a Private Members' Bill. Every Bill passes through three stages—called three readings—before it is passed. To become law it must be passed by both the Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, and then assented to by the president.

              Financial Business

              T

              The presentation, discussion of, and voting on the annual General and Railways budgets—followed by the passing of the Appropriations Bill and the Finance Bill—is a long, drawn-out process that takes up a major part of the time of the House during its Budget Session every year.

              Motions and ResolutionsAmong other kinds of business that come up before the House are resolutions and motions. Resolutions and motions may be brought forward by Government or by private members. Government may move a resolution or a motion for obtaining the sanction to a scheme or opinion of the House on an important matter of policy or on a grave situation. Similarly, a private member may move a resolution or motion in order to draw the attention of the House and of the Government to a particular problem. The last two and half hours of sitting on every Friday are generally allotted for transaction of private members' business. While private members' bills are taken up on one Friday, private members' resolutions are taken up on the succeeding Friday, and so on.

              Parliamentary CommitteesMost of the business of drafting a bill or amendments are initially discussed and debated in the parliamentary committees. Since the time for legislation is limited, work of all departments of the government and any special focus tasks is delegated to the committees, wherein the committees shall prepare the initial draft of the bill/amendment for the consideration by both the houses. They consist of members from both the houses.

              There are primarily two kinds of parliamentary committees based on their nature:-

              • There are primarily two kinds of parliamentary committees based on their nature:-

                A Half-an-Hour Discussion can be raised on a matter of sufficient public importance which has been the subject of a recent question in Lok Sabha irrespective of the fact whether the question was answered orally or the answer was laid on the Table of the House and the answer which needs elucidation on a matter of fact. Normally not more than half an hour is allowed for such a discussion. Usually, half-an-hour discussion is listed on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays only. In one session, a member is allowed to raise not more than two half-hour discussions. During the discussion, the member, who has given notice, makes a short statement and not more than four members, who have intimated earlier and have secured one of the four places in the ballot, are permitted to ask a question each for further elucidating any matter of fact. Thereafter, the Minister concerned replies. There is no formal motion before the House nor voting.

                Discussion on Matters of Urgent Public Importance

                Members may raise discussions on matters of urgent public importance with the permission of the Speaker. Such discussions may take place on two days in a week. No formal motion is moved in the House nor is there any voting on such a discus

                Members may raise discussions on matters of urgent public importance with the permission of the Speaker. Such discussions may take place on two days in a week. No formal motion is moved in the House nor is there any voting on such a discussion.

                Debate in the House

                After the member who initiates discussion on an item of b

                After the member who initiates discussion on an item of business has spoken, other members can speak on that item of business in such order as the Speaker may call upon them. Only one member can speak at a time and all speeches are directed to the Chair. A matter requiring the decision of the House is decided by means of a question put by the Speaker on a motion made by a member.

                Division

                A division is one o

                A division is one of the forms in which the decision of the House is ascertained. Normally, when a motion is put to the House members for and against it indicate their opinion by saying "Aye" or "No" from their seats. The Chair goes by the voices and declares that the motion is either accepted or rejected by the House. If a member challenges the decision, the Chair orders that the lobbies be cleared. Then the division bell is rung and an entire network of bells installed in the various parts and rooms in Parliament House and Parliament House Annexe rings continuously for three and a half minutes. Members and Ministers rush to the Chamber from all sides. After the bell stops, all the doors to the Chamber are closed and nobody can enter or leave the Chamber till the division is over. Then the Chair puts the question for second time and declares whether in its opinion the "Ayes" or the "Noes", have it. If the opinion so declared is again challenged, the Chair asks the votes to be recorded by operating the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment.

                Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha presses the button of a key board. Then a gong sounds, serving as a signal to members for casting their votes. To vote, each member present in the Chamber has to flip a switch and then operate one of the three push buttons fixed in their seat. The push switch must be kept pressed simultaneously until the gong sounds for the second time after 10 seconds. There are two indicator boards installed in the wall on either side of the Speaker's chair in the Chamber. Each vote cast by a member is flashed here. Immediately after the votes are cast, they are totalled mechanically and the details of the results are flashed on the Result Indicator Boards installed in the railings of the Speaker's and Diplomatic Galleries.

                Divisions are normally held with the aid of the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment. Where so directed by the

                Divisions are normally held with the aid of the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment. Where so directed by the Speaker in terms of relevant provision in the Rules of Procedure etc. in Lok Sabha, divisions may be held either by distribution of 'Aye'/'No' and 'Abstention' slips to members in the House or by the members recording their votes by going into the lobbies. There is an Indicator Board in the machine room showing the name of each member. The result of Division and vote cast by each member with the aid of Automatic Vote Recording Equipment appear also on this Board and immediately a photograph of the Indicator Board is taken. Later the Photograph is enlarged and the names of members who voted 'Ayes' and for 'Noes' are determined with the help of the photograph and incorporated in Lok Sabha Debates.

                Three versions of Lok Sabha Debates are prepared: the Hindi version, the English version and the Original version. Only the Hindi and English versions are printed. The Original version, in cyclostyled form, is kept in the Parliament Library for record and reference. The Hindi version contains proceedings (all Questions asked and Answers given thereto and speeches made) in Hindi, and verbatim Hindi translation of proceedings in English or in regional languages. The English version contains proceedings in English and the English translation of the proceedings which take place in Hindi or in any regional language. The Original version, however, contains proceedings in Hindi or in English as they actually took place in the House and also the English/Hindi translation of speeches made in regional languages.

                If conflicting legislation is enacted by the two Houses, a If conflicting legislation is enacted by the two Houses, a joint sitting is held to resolve the differences. In such a session, the members of the Lok Sabha would generally prevail, since the Lok Sabha includes more than twice as many members as the Rajya Sabha.

                Speaker and Deputy Speaker

                As per Article 93 of Indian Constitution, the Lok Sabha has a Speaker and a As per Article 93 of Indian Constitution, the Lok Sabha has a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker. In the Lok Sabha, both presiding officers—the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker- are elected from among its members by a simple majority of members present and voting in the House. No specific qualifications are prescribed for being elected Speaker; the Constitution only requires that Speaker should be a member of the House. But an understanding of the Constitution and the laws of the country and the rules of procedure and conventions of Parliament is considered a major asset for the holder of the office of the Speaker. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker are mentioned under Article 94 of the Constitution of India. As per Article 94 of Indian Constitution, a Speaker or a Deputy Speaker should vacate his/her office, a) if he/she ceases to be a member of the House of the People, b) he/she resigns, or c) is removed from office by a resolution of the House passed by a majority.

                The Speaker of Lok Sabha is both a member of the House and its Presiding Officer. The Speaker conducts the business in the House. He/she decides whether a bill is a money bill or not. He/she maintains discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for their unruly behaviour by suspending them. He/she permits the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules. The Speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting. It is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha who presides over joint sittings called in the event of disagreement between the two Houses on a legislative measure. Following the 52nd Constitution amendment, the Speaker is vested with the power relating to the disqualification of a member of the Lok Sabha on grounds of defection. The Speaker makes obituary references in the House, formal references to important national and international events and the valedictory address at the conclusion of every Session of the Lok Sabha and also when the term of the House expires. Though a member of the House, the Speaker does not vote in the House except on those rare occasions when there is a tie at the end of a decision. Till date, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha has not been called upon to exercise this unique casting vote. While the office of Speaker is vacant due to absence/resignation/removal, the duties of the office are performed by the Deputy Speaker or, if the office of Deputy Speaker is also vacant, by such member of the House of the People as the President may appoint for the purpose. The Lok Sabha has also a separate non-elected Secretariat staff.[18]

                Shri G. V. Mavalankar was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha (15 May 1952 – 27 February 1956) and Shri M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was the first Deputy Speaker (30 May 1952 – 7 March 1956). In the 17th Lok Sabha, Om Birla is the current Speaker.[19]

                Secretariat

                The Secretariat of Lok Sabha was set up pursuant to the provisions contained in Article 98 of the Constitution. The said Article, which provides for a separate secretarial staff for each House of Parliament, reads as follows:- 98. Secretariat of Parliament – Each House of Parliament shall have a separate secretarial staff: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be construed as preventing the creation of posts common to both Houses of Parliament. (2) Parliament may by law regulate the recruitment and the conditions of service of persons appointed to the secretarial staff of either House of Parliament.[20]

                The Lok Sabha Secretariat functions under the overall guidance and control of the Speaker. The main activities of the Secretariat inter alia include the following :

                (i) providing secretarial assistance and support to the effective functioning of the House of the People (Lok Sabha) possible to Members of Lok Sabha; (ii) providing amenities as admissible to Members of Lok Sabha; (iii) servicing the various Parliamentary Committees; (v) preparing research and reference material and bringing out various publications; (vi) recruitment of manpower in the Lok Sabha Secretariat and attending to personnel matters; & (vii) preparing and publishing a record of the day-to-day proceedings of the Lok Sabha and bringing out such other publications, as may be required concerning the functioning of the Lok Sabha and its Committees, among other things.

                In the discharge of his constitutional and statutory responsibilities, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is assisted by the Secretary-General, who holds the rank equivalent to the Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India. The Secretary-General, in turn, is assisted by senior functionaries at the level of Secretary, Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary and other officers and staff of the Secretariat.[21] Present Secretary-General of Lok Sabha is Snehlata Shrivastava, IAS.[22]

                Lok Sabha is constituted after the general election as follows:

                Lok Sabha General Electi

                As of 26 January 2020, the Lok Sabha is composed of 543 members [23] See the table below for details

                Members of 17th Lok Sabha by their political party (As of 23 September 2020):[25]

                State/Union Territory Type No. of constituencies[24]
                Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory 1
                Andhra Pradesh State 25
                Arunachal Pradesh State 2
                Assam State 14
                Bihar State 40
                Chandigarh Union Territory 1
                Chhattisgarh State 11
                Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Union Territory 2
                Delhi National Capital Territory 7
                Goa State 2
                Gujarat State 26
                Haryana State 10
                Himachal Pradesh State 4
                Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory 5
                Jharkhand State 14
                Karnataka State 28
                Kerala State 20
                Ladakh Union Territory 1
                Lakshadweep Union Territory 1
                Madhya Pradesh State 29
                Maharashtra State 48
                Manipur State 2
                Meghalaya State 2
                Mizoram State 1
                Nagaland State 1
                Odisha State 21
                Puducherry Union Territory 1
                Punjab State 13
                Rajasthan State 25
                Sikkim State 1
                Tamil Nadu State 39
                Telangana State 17
                Tripura State 2
                Uttarakhand State 5
                Alliance Party No.of MPs Leader of the Party
                National Democratic Alliance
                Seats: 333
                Bharatiya Janata Party 302 Narendra Modi
                Janata Dal (United) 15 Rajiv Ranjan Singh
                Lok Janshakti Party 6 Chirag Paswan
                Apna Dal (Sonelal) 2 Anupriya Patel
                All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 O. P. Raveendranath Kumar
                Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1 Tokheho Yepthomi
                National People's Party 1 Agatha Sangma
                Mizo National Front 1 C. Lalrosanga
                Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 Indra Hang Subba
                All Jharkhand Students Union 1 Chandra Prakash Choudhary
                Rashtriya Loktantrik Party 1 Hanuman Beniwal
                Independent 1
                Opposition -

                'United Progressive Alliance
                Seats:
                90

                Indian National Congress 51 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury
                Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 24 T. R. Baalu
                Nationalist Congress Party 5 Supriya Sule
                Indian Union Muslim League 3 P. K. Kunhalikutty
                United Progressive Alliance
                Seats:
                90

                Indian National Congress 51 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury
                Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 24 T. R. Baalu
                Nationalist Congress Party 5 Supriya Sule
                Indian Union Muslim League 3 P. K. Kunhalikutty
                Jammu & Kashmir National Conference 3 Farooq Abdullah
                Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 1 Vijay Hansdak
                Revolutionary Socialist Party 1 N. K. Premachandran
                Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi 1 Thol. Thirumavalavan
                Independent 1
                Opposition -

                Others
                Seats: 116

                All India Trinamool Congress 22 Sudip Bandyopadhyay
                YSR Congress Party 21 P. V. Midhun Reddy
                Shiv Sena 18 Vinayak Raut
                Biju Janata Dal 12 Pinaki Misra
                Others
                Seats: 116

                All India Trinamool Congress 22 Sudip Bandyopadhyay
                YSR Congress Party 21 P. V. Midhun Reddy
                Shiv Sena 18 Vinayak Raut
                Biju Janata Dal 12 Pinaki Misra
                Bahujan Samaj Party 10 Shyam Singh Yadav
                Telangana Rashtra Samithi 9 Nama Nageswara Rao
                Samajwadi Party 5 Mulayam Singh Yadav
                Telugu Desam Party 3 Galla Jayadev
                Communist Party of India (M) 3 A. M. Ariff
                All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen