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Forestville Mystery Cave State Park is a
state park State parks are parks or other protected areas managed at the sub-national level within those nations which use "state" as a political subdivision. State parks are typically established by a state to preserve a location on account of its natural ...
in
Minnesota Minnesota () is a U.S. state, state in the north central region of the United States. It is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is , French for "The Star of the North". Of the U.S. state, U.S. states, Minnesota is the List ...
. It contains the village of Forestville, which has been restored to a 19th-century appearance. The Minnesota Historical Society operates it as a historic site. Below ground the park contains Mystery Cave, the state's longest cave, which is open to the public. The park is between Spring Valley, Minnesota, Spring Valley and Preston, Minnesota.


Mystery Cave

The park is in the Driftless Area, noted for its karst topography, which includes sinkholes and caves. The park is about from Mystery Cave and occupies approximately , with camping, interpretive programs, and hiking, horseback, cross-country skiing trails, cold water streams and excellent trout fishing. The cave includes stalactites, stalagmites, and underground pools, and is a constant . It has over of passages in two rock layers and is being resurveyed and remapped by volunteers.


Geologic history

About 450 million years ago sedimentary rocks were deposited as the land was intermittently covered by shallow seas that transgressed and regressed. Over the eons the alternating deposits of mud and oceanic debris were compressed to form limestone, shale and sandstone layers. Today these layers are above sea level. Within the last 500,000 to 1,000,000 years, flood waters dissolved along fractures in the limestone bedrock to create most of the cave. Acidic rainwater also sculpted the land above and around the cave, creating thousands of sinkholes and other karst features in the surrounding county.


Wildlife

The park contains a range of wildlife, from relatively rare species such as Discus macclintocki, glacial snails and timber rattlesnakes to common species such as deer, raccoon, North American beaver, beaver, two species of fox, American mink, mink, opossum, groundhog, woodchuck, and four species of squirrels. Northeastern coyote, Coyotes howl at dusk. Numerous reptiles and amphibians are present. At least 175 species of birds have also been recorded. The South Branch of the Root River (Minnesota), Root River contains brown trout, brook trout, and rainbow trout.


Historic Forestville

The Minnesota Historical Society operates Historic Forestville as a living museum set in 1899. Costumed interpreters portray Forestville residents and go about daily activities in the general store, house, kitchen, farm, and barn. Forestville was a rural trade center in the 1800s that declined after the railroad was built elsewhere in 1868. Thomas Meighen, son of one of the town's founders, owned the entire village by 1890, including the general store, and the local residents worked on his property for housing and credit in the store. Admission to Historic Forestville is separate from the caves. Historic Forestville is open from May through October.


References


External links


Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Minnesota Historical Society: Historic Forestville
{{authority control 1941 establishments in Minnesota Caves of Minnesota Driftless Area Landforms of Fillmore County, Minnesota Living museums in Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society Minnesota state historic sites Museums in Fillmore County, Minnesota Protected areas established in 1941 Protected areas of Fillmore County, Minnesota Show caves in the United States State parks of Minnesota Historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Minnesota National Register of Historic Places in Fillmore County, Minnesota