The Pavlovian is an Upper Paleolithic
culture, a variant of the Gravettian
, that existed in the region of Moravia
, northern Austria
and southern Poland
around 29,000 – 25,000 years BP. The culture used sophisticated stone age technology to survive in the tundra
on the fringe of the ice sheets around the Last Glacial Maximum
. Its economy was principally based on the hunting of mammoth
herds for meat, fat fuel, hides for tents and large bones and tusks for building winter shelters.
Its name is derived from the village of Pavlov
, in the Pavlov Hills
, next to Dolní Věstonice
in southern Moravia. The site was excavated in 1952 by the Czechoslovakian archaeologist Bohuslav Klima
. Another important Pavlovian site is Předmostí, now part of the town of Přerov
Excavation has yielded flint implements, polished and drilled stone artifacts, bone spearheads, needles, digging tools, flutes, bone ornaments, drilled animal teeth, and seashells. Art or religious finds are bone carvings and figurines of humans and animals made of mammoth tusk, stone, and fired clay. Textile impression made into wet clay give the oldest proof of the existence of weaving by humans.
[Balak - Textiles]
*Grigor’ev, G. P. Nachalo verkhnego paleolita i proiskhozhdenie Homo sapiens. Leningrad, 1968.
*Filip, J. Enzyklopädisches Handbuch zur Ur- und Frühgeschichte Euro-pas, vol. 2. Prague, 1969.
Category:Archaeological cultures of Central Europe
Category:Archaeological cultures of Eastern Europe
Category:Archaeological cultures in Austria
Category:Archaeological cultures in the Czech Republic
Category:Archaeological cultures in Poland
Category:Archaeological cultures in Russia
Category:Archaeological cultures in Ukraine
Category:Upper Paleolithic cultures of Europe
Category:Stone Age Austria
Category:Stone Age Czech Republic
Category:Archaeology of Moravia