''Samguk yusa'' () or ''Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms'' is a collection of legends, folktales and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea
), as well as to other periods and states before, during and after the Three Kingdoms period. It is the earliest extant record of the Dangun
legend, which records the founding of Gojoseon
as the first Korean nation.
Authorship and date
The text was written in Classical Chinese
, which was used by literate Koreans at the time of its composition. The earliest version of the text is believed to have been compiled in the 1280s, and the earliest extant publication of the text is from 1512 CE.
20th-century Korean scholars such as Choe Nam-seon
established the Buddhist
(1206–1289) as the main compiler of the text, on the basis that his name (and full official title) was indicated in the fifth fascicle
. This view is widely accepted among modern scholars.
The compilation is believed to have been expanded by Iryeon's disciple Muguk (1250-1322) and several others prior to the definitive 1512 recension.
Ha Chongnyong and Yi Kunjik produced a critical edition
of ''Samguk yusa'' in 1997. According to Ha Chongnyong, Iryeon wrote only the fifth fascicle, since his name is mentioned only in that section of the text.
The 1512 edition of the text mentions a dynastic chronology at the beginning, which has several discrepancies with the information that appears later in the text. According to Robert Buswell, Jr.
and Donald S. Lopez, Jr.
, this chronology may have been a fourteenth-century addition to Iryeon's compilation.
Many of the founding legends of the various kingdoms in Korean history are recorded in ''Samguk yusa''. The text covers legends from many Korean kingdoms, including Gojoseon
, Wiman Joseon
, and Gaya
Unlike the more factually-oriented ''Samguk sagi
'', the ''Samguk yusa'' focuses on various folktales, legends and biographies from early Korean history. Given its mythical narratives, ''Samguk yusa''s reliability is questionable.
* Ilyeon (2006) ''Overlooked Historical Records of the Three Korean Kingdoms'', translated by Kim Dal-Yong. Jimoondang: Seoul, Korea.
* Ilyon (1972; 2006) ''Samguk Yusa: Legends and History of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea'', translated by Tae-Hung Ha and Grafton K. Mintz. Yonsei University Press: Seoul, Korea.
* 일연 (1996) ''삼국유사''. Somun munhwasa: Seoul. .
* 일연 (2002) ''삼국유사''. translated by Kim Won-jung. Eulyu munhwasa: Seoul. .
*List of Korea-related topics
*History of Korea
*Three Kingdoms of Korea
* Original Text of the ''Samguk yusa''.Samguk Yusa - Ancient History Encyclopedia
(Links to full text of ''Samguk yusa'' in literary Chinese)
Category:13th-century history books
Category:History books about Korea
Category:History of Korea