,_photographed_by_[[Carl_Van_Vechten.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Ruth Ford (actress)">Ruth Ford, photographed by [[Carl Van Vechten">Ruth Ford (actress)">Ruth Ford, photographed by [[Carl Van Vechten, 1947]]
A dressmaker is a person who makes custom [[clothing]] for women, such as [[dress]]es, [[blouse]]s, and [[gown|evening gown]]s. A dressmaker is also called a mantua-maker (historically), modiste, or fabrician.
, fashion designer
*Anna and Laura Tirocchi
, Providence, Rhode Island
*Charles Frederick Worth
, modiste and confidante to Mary Todd Lincoln
, costumier and dress making bust inventor
* Madame Palmyre
, a favorite designer and dressmaker of the empress of France, Eugénie de Montijo
[Valerie Steele: Women of Fashion: Twentieth-century Designers, Rizzoli International, 1991]
* ''Dressmaker'' denotes clothing made in the style
of a dressmaker, frequently in the term ''dressmaker details'' which includes ruffles
or braid trim
. ''Dressmaker'' in this sense is contrasted to ''tailor
ed'' and has fallen out of use since the rise of casual wear
in the mid-twentieth century.
* Mantua-maker, in the eighteenth century a maker of mantuas
, or in general a dressmaker.
* Modiste, a maker of fashionable clothing and accessories, with the implication that the articles made reflect the current Paris fashion
*Fabrician, a person who is considered an expert in making modifications and alterations to fabrics and other articles of clothing.
* Sewing professional is the most general term for those who make their living by sewing, teaching, writing about sewing, or retailing sewing supplies. A sewing professional may work out of the home, a studio, or retail shop, and may work part-time or full-time. This work may include any or all of the following sub-specialities:
** A custom clothier makes custom garments one at a time, to order, to meet an individual customer's needs and preferences.
** A custom dressmaker specializes in women's custom apparel, including day dresses, careerwear, suits, evening or bridal wear, sportswear, or lingerie.
** A tailor makes custom menswear-style jackets and the skirts or trousers that go with them, for men or women.
** An alterations specialist or alterationist adjusts the fit of completed garments, usually ready-to-wear, or restyles them. Note that while all tailors can do alterations, by no means can all alterationists do tailoring.
** Designers choose combinations of line, proportion, color, and texture for intended garments. They may have no sewing or patternmaking skills, and may only sketch or conceptualize garments.
** Patternmakers flat draft the shapes and sizes of the numerous pieces of a garment by hand using paper and measuring tools or by computer using CAD software, or by draping muslin on a dressform.
** A wardrobe consultant or fashion advisor recommends styles and colors for a client.
** A seamstress is a woman who sews, especially one who earns a living by sewing. Prior to the Industrial Revolution
, a seamstress did handsewing, especially under the putting-out system
. Older variants are seamster and sempstress.
*Butterick Publishing Company: "The Art of Garment Cutting, Fitting and Making", 1894.
*Deckert, Barbara: ''Sewing for Plus Sizes: Design, Fit and Construction for Ample Apparel'', Taunton, 1999, ''Appendix B: How to Find, Select, and Work With a Custom Clothier'', pp. 142–143.
*Kirke, Betty: "Madeleine Vionnet", Chronicle Books, 1998.
*Picken, Mary Brooks: ''The Fashion Dictionary'', Funk and Wagnalls, 1957.