Shipston-on-Stour is a town and civil parish
in the Stratford-on-Avon District
and is the main settlement of the southern corner (projection) of Warwickshire
, England. The compactly formed town
and its associated land occupy the left bank
of the River Stour SSE
and south of Warwick
This area is sometimes termed the Vale of Red Horse
, close to the Oxfordshire
[Beckinsale, R. (1980) ''The English Heartland'', Duckworth, p.5]
Etymology linked to sheep and wool trade
In the 8th century, the toponym
for Sheep-wash-Town. It had a sheep marketplace
for many centuries. The name evolved through ''Scepwestun'' in the 11th century, ''Sipestone'', ''Sepwestun'' and ''Schipton'' in the 13th century and ''Sepestonon-Sture'' in the 14th century.
Church (vestry) administration, township and parish formation
It was a township in the parish of Tredington until 1720: when they were separated by a Local Act of the 6th year of George I.
The town proved prosperous and generous to its church community: the Church of England parish church of Saint Edmund has a 15th-century tower.
A Topographical Dictionary of England''
Samuel Lewis (London, 1845), vol. IV page 86.
The Gothic Revival architect G.E. Street designed the rebuilding of the rest of the church in 1855. [ The tower had a ring of five bells until 1695 when they were recast and rehung as a ring of six.] Since then all the bells have been recast and rehung from time to time, notably in 1754 and by John Taylor & Co. in 1979. [
A staging post for stagecoaches and regional market
Shipston is on the A3400 (formerly part of the A34) between Stratford-upon-Avon and Oxford; it was from the 1600s to 1800s a staging place for stagecoaches. There are former coaching inns, such as the Coach and Horses, in the High Street, which has many listed buildings.
From 1836, agricultural produce and manufactured goods were brought by a branch line from the horse-drawn Stratford and Moreton Tramway, which had been built ten years before to link Moreton-in-Marsh with Stratford on Avon.
[ In 1889 the line was upgraded to allow the operation of steam trains from Moreton to Shipston. Passenger services to the town were withdrawn in 1929 and the line ceased in 1960.
Early Victorian times
The town's first library and reading room were founded in 1837.
[ Manufacture of shag fabric for deep-pile carpets was for some decades an important business, but by 1848 the town had little manufacture or commerce even though it had more than 1800 residents.] [ Worcester Cathedral owned the manorial rights for centuries, and even in the 1840s held a court annually, at which a town constable was appointed.] [ Powers of the short-lived county debt court, established in 1847, extended over Shipston's civil registration district (established 1837). In that era the market was on Saturday and fairs in April, June, August and October. The rectory had Tidmington annexed and received net income of £700. The patrons were Worcester Cathedral and Jesus College, Oxford, the former presenting (appointing the priest) to every third vacancy. The church had extra seats, a gallery, erected in 1790.] [ Baptists, the Society of Friends, and Wesleyans each had a place of worship; and at Foxcote, in the parish, was a Roman Catholic chapel.] [ A National school was endowed with about £130 per annum; and "various small bequests" were distributed among the poor.] [
Poor law union and rural district
Shipston poor law union (c.1830–1894) administered those functions in 37 parishes or places: 20 in Warwickshire, 13 in Gloucestershire, and 4 in Worcestershire; across in the 1840s a population of 19,685 people.
From 1894, until 1972, the offices and Council meetings of Shipston-on-Stour Rural District were in Shipston.
Shipston was in an exclave of Worcestershire (as part of Oswaldslow hundred) until 1931, when it was transferred to Warwickshire.
The Sports Club has football, cricket, bowls, tennis and angling clubs. Shipston First Scout Group has Beaver (ages 6–8), Cub (ages 8–10½) and Scout (ages 10½–14) sections. Shipston on Stour Rugby Football Club currently plays in the Midlands 3 West (South) league. Shipston has a brass band.
Shipston has a small museum located off Telegraph Street. The museum was set up, and is run by local people. It is stocked with artefacts and memorabilia relating to the town and the surrounding villages.
Notable people connected with Shipston include:
* Cy Endfield, American-born director of such notable films as ''Hell Drivers'' and ''Zulu''; he had emigrated to England and lived and died in Shipston after being blacklisted as a Communist during the McCarthy era.
* Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees mentions Shipston in his song "Cold Be My Days", which was not released until 2015 although recorded in 1970 for the unfinished album ''Sing Slowly Sisters''; words ''"Cold be my days in Shipston-on-Stour"'' appear several times. He stated in a BBC Radio 4 interview in May 2007 that this relates to his youthful experiences, riding horses with his brother Barry.
* Francis J. Haverfield - 19th-century archaeologist, born in Shipston.
* Richard Morant - film and TV actor, born in Shipston.
* Simon Travis, former professional footballer, has recently moved to the town.
Shipston Town Council
Shipston on Stour Town website
Category:Towns in Warwickshire
Category:Civil parishes in Warwickshire