Solor is a volcanic island located off the eastern tip of Flores
island in the Lesser Sunda Islands
, in the Solor Archipelago
. The island supports a small population that has been whaling
for hundreds of years. They speak the languages of Adonara
. There are at least five volcano
es on this island which measures only by . The island's area is ,
and it had a population of 34,029 at the 2020 Census.
The island is divided into three districts
(''kecamatan''), tabulated below with their areas (in km2
) and their populations at the 2010 Census and 2020 Census.
In 1520, the Portuguese established a trading post
in the village of Lamakera
on the eastern side of the island as a transit harbor between Maluku
and Portuguese Malacca
. In 1562, Dominican
priests built a palm-trunk fortress which Javanese
Muslims burned down the following year. The fort was rebuilt from more durable materials and the Dominicans commenced the Christianisation of the local population
By 1590 the Portuguese and Christian population numbered about 25,000. There were, however, repeated displays of resistance against both the Portuguese and their religion; in 1598–1599, for example, the Portuguese required an armada of 90 ships to put down a Solorese uprising.
At this time, there was a conflict between the traders and the priests, so the traders left Solor and settled in Larantuka
island. When the Dutch came in 1613, the priests surrendered at the first attack and were brought to Larantuka, too.
The Dutch kept the fort, but did not make a profit close to the Portuguese port. After two commanders defected to the Portuguese, they gave up Solor. In 1636 the Portuguese were attacked by the Dutch and had to abandon the fort. In 1646 the Dutch occupied the fort again. The first of the new commanders was suspended, because he married an indigenous woman. The second commander challenged the Portuguese commander to a duel and was slain. In 1648 the Dutch left and the Dominican priests returned.
Towns and villages
*Balawelin I - Riangtaliha and Lamalewo
*Balawelin II - Riangmuda and Rianglaka
*Kelike - Lewolo and lamagohan
Portuguese and Dutch in Timor and Solor
Category:Portuguese colonialism in Indonesia
Category:1613 establishments in the Dutch Empire