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The South Banat District (Serbian: Јужнобанатски округ / Južnobanatski okrug, pronounced [jûʒnobǎnaːtskiː ôkruːɡ]; Hungarian: Dél-bánsági körzet; Slovak: Juhobanátsky okres) is one of seven administrative districts of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The administrative center of the district is the city of Pančevo. The district lies in the region of Banat. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 291,327 inhabitants.

Name

In Serbian, the district is known as Južnobanatski okrug (Јужнобанатски округ), in Croatian as Južnobanatski okrug, in Hungarian as Dél-bánsági körzet, in Slovak as Juhobanátsky okres, in Romanian as Districtul Banatul de Sud, and in Rusyn as /Јужнобанатски окрух/.

Municipalities

It encompasses the cities of Pančevo and Vršac and the following municipalities:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1948279,092—    
1953291,125+0.85%
1961320,187+1.20%
1971331,285+0.34%
1981340,189+0.27%
1991328,428−0.35%
2002313,937−0.41%
2011293,730−0.74%
Source: [1]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the South Banat District has 293,730 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

Most of the municipalities in the district have an ethnic Serb majority, while the municipality of Kovačica is ethnically mixed, with a relative Slovak majority (41.8%). Ethnic composition of the South Banat district:[2]

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 208,462 70.97%
Romanians 18,000 6.13%
Slovaks 13,777 4.69%
Hungarians 13,194 4.49%
Romani 8,025 2.73%
Macedonians 6,548 2.23%
Croats 1,512 0.51%
Yugoslavs 1,178 0.40%
Montenegrins 921 0.31%
Bulgarians 757 0.26%
Muslims 586 0.20%
Germans 472 0.16%
Slovenes 358 0.12%
Albanians 250 0.09%
Russians 184 0.06%
Bosniaks 144 0.05%
Vlachs 123 0.04%
Others 19,239 6.55%
Total 293,730

Culture

Pančevo is distinguished for its numerous cultural institutions: the National Library 'Veljko Vlahović', the Historic Archives, and the Institute for Protection of Culture Monuments.

The most remarkable cultural monuments in this region are the Vojlovica Monastery built in 1405, the Church of Assumption, the Church of Transfiguration built in 1811 and the National Museum built in 1833.

See also