The Szeleta Culture is a transitional archaeological culture
between the Middle Paleolithic
and the Upper Palaeolithic
, found in Austria
, northern Hungary
, and southern Poland
. It is dated 41,000 to 37,000 years before the present (BP
), and is named after Szeleta Cave in the Bükk Mountains
, part of the North Hungarian Mountains
It was preceded by the Bohunician
), and is roughly contemporary with the Aurignacian
) in France, and the Uluzzian
) in Italy. It was succeeded by the Gravettian
The initial excavation of the Szeletian cave was carried out from 1906 to 1913 by Ottocar Kadić. The idea of a distinctive Szeletian culture was advocated by the Czechoslovak archaeologist František Prošek (1922–1958).
Neanderthals or modern humans
It has been called the most original and also the most aboriginal Upper Palaeolithic culture in Central Europe. The findings are often interpreted in terms of the contemporaneity of Neandertal and modern man, "as the product of acculturation at the boundary of Middle and Upper Paleolithic." However, the absence of human remains makes it impossible to attribute the culture to Neanderthals or modern humans.
The lithic industry is characterized by:
* Bifacial foliated points and sidescrapers
* Prismatic and discoid debitage
* Presence of Micoquien hand axes
Later assemblages contain endscrapers and retouched blades.
In addition to the Szeletian cave in Hungary, assemblages have been found in Dzierzyslaw and Lubotyń (Poland),
at Čertova Pec in Slovakia, and at Pod Hradem (Moravia).
Category:Upper Paleolithic cultures of Europe
Category:Archaeological cultures in Hungary
Category:Archaeology of Central Europe
Category:Peopling of Europe
Category:Archaeology of the Czech Republic
Category:Archaeology of Eastern Europe