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Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes by John Michael Wright (2).jpg
Born(1588-04-05)5 April 1588
Died4 December 1679(1679-12-04) (aged 91)
Derbyshire, England
EducationHertford College, Oxford
St John's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1608)
Era17th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolSocial contract
Natural law
Classical realism
Empiricism
Determinism
Nominalism[1]
Materialism[1]
Corpuscularianism[2]
Ethical egoism
Main interests
Political philosophy, history, ethics, geometry
Notable ideas
Social contract, state of nature, bellum omnium contra omnes

Thomas Hobbes (/hɒbz/ HOBZ; sometimes known as Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury;[4] 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679) was an English philosopher, considered to be one of the founders of modern political philosophy.[5][6] Hobbes is best known for his 1651 book Leviathan, in which he expounds an influential formulation of social contract theory.[7] In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history, jurisprudence, geometry, the physics of gases, theology, and ethics, as well as philosophy in general.