Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes by John Michael Wright (2).jpg
Born(1588-04-05)5 April 1588
Died4 December 1679(1679-12-04) (aged 91)
Derbyshire, England
EducationHertford College, Oxford
St John's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1608)
Era17th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolSocial contract
Natural law
Classical realism
Ethical egoism
Main interests
Political philosophy, history, ethics, geometry
Notable ideas
Social contract, state of nature, bellum omnium contra omnes

Thomas Hobbes (/hɒbz/ HOBZ; sometimes known as Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury;[4] 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679) was an English philosopher, considered to be one of the founders of modern political philosophy.[5][6] Hobbes is best known for his 1651 book Leviathan, in which he expounds an influential formulation of social contract theory.[7] In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history, jurisprudence, geometry, the physics of gases, theology, and ethics, as well as philosophy in general.