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is the capital city of Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku island in Japan. As of June 1, 2019, the city had an estimated population of 255,439 and a population density of 1,335 persons per km². Its total area is 191.39 km². The city is situated in the north-eastern part of Tokushima Prefecture at the mouth of the Yoshino River. In terms of layout and organization, Tokushima displays the typical characteristics of a Japanese castle town. Tokushima was developed under the Hachisuka clan. Its prosperity was built on a strong indigo dye industry. The modern city of Tokushima was founded on October 1, 1889. At the time, it was the 10th largest city in Japan. The city is served by Tokushima Airport (recently renamed to Awa Odori Airport), in nearby Matsushige.

History



World War II air raid

Tokushima was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command during World War II because of the city's role as an agricultural center for the region. On July 3, 1945 at 5:45 PM (JST) 137 aircraft took off to bomb Tokushima. 1,050 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Tokushima, destroying 74% of the built up areas of the city.https://www.scribd.com/doc/61702152/21st-Bomber-Command-Tactical-Mission-Report-247-250-Ocr

Culture

Every August, during the Obon Festival, Tokushima holds a cultural dance festival, the Awa Odori. Awa Odori literally translates as "Awa Dance" (Awa being Tokushima Prefecture's ancient name). During the festival, residents ranging from young children to professional dance troupes perform a distinctive style of Japanese traditional dance in regional costumes, accompanied by strings, drums, and singing (usually by the dancers themselves).

Climate

Tokushima has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification ''Cfa'') with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is high, but there is a pronounced difference between the wetter summers and drier winters.


Education


* University of Tokushima * Tokushima Bunri University * Shikoku University


Geography





Mountains




Rivers

* Akui River * Imagire River * Shinmachi River * Suketō River * Yoshino River

Sports

The city's Asty Tokushima arena hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.


Sister cities


* Saginaw, Michigan, United States * Leiria, Portugal * Dandong, Liaoning, China

Gallery

File:Tokushima Station Bus Terminal.jpg|Tokushima Station Bus Terminal File:Awa-odori in Tokushima City.jpg|Awa Dancing Festival, well-known Bon Festival File:Tokushima Hachisuka Iemasa M3753.jpg|statue of Hachisuka Iemasa


References




External links


Tokushima City official website


* * {{Authority control Category:Cities in Tokushima Prefecture Category:Port settlements in Japan Category:Populated coastal places in Japan Category:1889 establishments in Japan Category:Populated places established in 1889