Flinders Petrie
Flinders Petrie.jpg
Flinders Petrie, 1903
William Matthew Flinders Petrie

(1853-06-03)3 June 1853
Charlton, England
Died28 July 1942(1942-07-28) (aged 89)
Known forMerneptah Stele, pottery seriation[1]
Spouse(s)Hilda Petrie
Scientific career
Flinders Petrie by Philip Alexius de Laszlo, 1934 (detail)
The distinctive black-topped Egyptian pottery of the PreDynastic period associated with Flinders Petrie's Sequence dating system, Petrie Museum

Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS, FBA (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts. He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie.[3] Some consider his most famous discovery to be that of the Merneptah Stele,[4] an opinion with which Petrie himself concurred.[5]

Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings.[6]