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This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration. As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Seven government space agencies—the French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES), China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes. The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first. The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. In particular the Soviet space program is not listed since it was not organized as a consolidated agency.


List of space agencies


; The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows:


Civilian


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( ar|المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia) | '
CNCT
'' | | 1988 || — || || || || | — |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) | USSRA (UzbekCosmos) | | 2001 || — || || || ||

|- style="background:#98fb98;" |State Space Agency of Ukraine
ДКАУ
br />SSAU | | 1992, 2 March || — || || || ||

|- style="background:#ff9;" | National Space Organization | '
NSPO
'' | |1991, 3 October || — || || || || |Previously named ''National Space Program Organisation'', until 1 April 2005 – |- style="background:#ff9;" | National Space Research and Development Agency | '
NASRDA
'' | | 1998 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" |Netherlands Institute for Space Research | '
SRON
'' | | 1983 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" |Norwegian Space Centre | '
NRS
''
NSC | | 1987 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" | Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission | '
SUPARCO
''
سپارکو | | 1961, 16 September || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | Portugal Space | — | | 2019 || — || || || || || |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" |Romanian Space Agency
ASR
br />ROSA | | 1991 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" |Egypt Remote Sensing Center (defunct) | EASRT-RSC | | 1971 || 1994 || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | french: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
( ar|المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing) | '
CRTS
'' | | 1989, December || — || || || || | — |- style="background:#fa9552;" |Roscosmos | '
ROSCOSMOS
''
РОСКОСМОС | | c.1992 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" |Turkish Space Agency
(Türkiye Uzay Ajansı) | '
TUA
''
TUA | | 2018 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization | '
SPARRSO
'' | | 1980 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" |Polish Space Agency | '
POLSA
''
POLSA | | 2014 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | South African National Space Agency | '
SANSA
'' | | 2010, 9 December || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" | Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia
( ar|معهد بحوث الفضاء ) | '
KACST-SRI
'' | | 1977 || — || || || || | — |- style="background:#ff9;" | Space Technology Institute (''Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam'') | CNVT or STI
'
VAST-STI
'' | | 2006, 20 November || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" |Swedish National Space Agency | '
SNSA
'' | | 1972 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | Swiss Space Office | SSO | | 1998 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" | Turkmenistan National Space Agency | '
TNSA
'' | | 2011 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs | '
UNOOSA
'' | | 1958, 13 December || — || — || — || — || — | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space | '
UNCOPUOS
'' | style="text-align:left;"| | 1959, 12 December || — || — || — || — || — || |- style="background:#ff9;" | United Arab Emirates Space Agency | '
UAESA
'' | | 2014 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#ff9;" | Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre | '
MBRSC
'' | Dubai, | 2006, 6 February (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)|| — || || || || | |- style="background:#f9f9f9;" | Syrian Space Agency | '
SSA
'' | | 2014, 18 March || — || || || || |


Military




List of space agencies with launch capability

} |'
CNES
'' | |19 December 1961 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#98fb98;" |State Space Agency of Ukraine |'
ДКАУ
''
SSAU | |2 March 1992 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#fa9552;" |Roscosmos |'
ROSCOSMOS
''
РОСКОСМОС | |ca. 1992 || — || || || || | |- style="background:#98FB98;" | United States Space Force | '
USSF
'' | | 20 December 2019|| — || || || || |

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capability



List of space agencies with extraterrestrial landing capability

sample successfully taken by OSIRIS-REx, though not returned yet

Expected and proposed future space agencies



Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration. Budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

See also

* Committee on Earth Observation Satellites * Comparison of Asian national space programs * Lists of astronomical objects * Lists of telescopes * SEDS * Lists of spacecraft * Lists of astronauts * Lists of space scientists

References



External links


Space Law Blog






{{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Space Agencies Space Category:Spaceflight Category:Space lists Category:Lists of space agencies